Sunday, May 17, 2020

Literary Analysis Of For Whom The Bell Tolls - 1760 Words

Section I A) I can connect to Robert Jordan’s hopelessness as he is stranded in Spain with my future. He has to worry about being caught by the Fascists and put to death, I relate to that by worrying if I will make something of my life. B) In For Whom the Bell Tolls’ chapters 1-10 I noticed that Hemingway utilized a literary device of sarcasm when writing Robert Jordans part. â€Å"So is the chest of a man like the chest of a bear,’ Robert Jordan said. ‘With the hide removed from the bear, there are many similarities in the muscles. (Ernest 44)† This adds a unique twist to the normal standard in Historical fiction of characters being boring and bland. C) Check the page after this one D) In the first ten chapters of â€Å"For Whom the Bell Tolls†Ã¢â‚¬ ¦show more content†¦Also, the development of Spanish civil war needed to be opened up in the beginning of the story. F) I imagine the people reading â€Å"For Whom the Bell Tolls† would be surprised by the realistic presentation of the Spanish Civil War. Due to a lack of documents about this war, people reading this story would be shocked by pretty much the first piece of literature about one deadly war that is overlooked quite a bit. Section II A) In the second section of â€Å"For Whom the Bell Tolls† I can connect Pablo’s nervousness to Henry Fleming in â€Å"The Red Badge of Courage.† They both have a nervousness about fighting and making it through the war. Even though Pablo already had fought he still has the same feelings as Henry Fleming did going into his first battle. B) While reading through this section I realized Ernest Hemingway utilized imagery to get his point across in multiple situations. â€Å"And when the flash came it was as though the whole world burst red and yellow before your eyes and two more bombs were in already. (Hemingway 212)† C) Check the page after this D) In the section 11-20, Hemingway elaborates upon the opening fielded in Section one. The group talks with a guard Joaquin who agreed that the planes were a bad sign. After they leave El Sordo’s Pilar needs to rest. She tells Maria to live her life, and that she was a jealous because she was an old ugly lady. While Robert and Maria are walking back, theyShow MoreRelatedThroughout his career, Ernest Hemmingway’s writing style has brought many questions from critics1500 Words   |  6 Pageswriting was simple and direct unlike other fellow writers. This made it easier for people to comprehend and it made connections to his ideas straightforward. In works such as Old Man and the Sea and For whom the Bell Tolls, Ernest Hemmingway uses his style of writing to convey his purpose and ideas of literary elements, such as plot, mood, character, symbolism, and theme, which can be analyzed with New Critical Theory and Iceberg Theory. Before beginning his writing career, Hemingway spent his early daysRead MoreWhen Art Imitates Art757 Words   |  3 Pagestheir means of expression. â€Å"It is practically certain that music and literature, usually combined with dance, arose as a single activity long before the concept of an art existed. In later stages of history, the connections between the musical and literary arts have varied from nation to nation and period to period. (†¦) As soon as the arts of music and literature began to draw apart, the possibility of one’s influencing the other arose.† If we believe that art is an imitation of life, then musicRead MoreA Case Analysis Of Ernest Hemingway s Bipolar Disorder2321 Words   |  10 PagesThe following paper is a case analysis of Ernest Hemingway’s bipolar disorder. The goal of the paper is to conceptualize bipolar disorder using a psychodynamic model. The case study uses the concepts of abnormal psychology to trace the etiology of a mood disorder beyond just the vestiges of uncommon behavior. The paper argues that he suffered from a mood disorder. The etiology of his mood disorder is the unresolved issues he had with his father’s suicide. Excessive use of alcohol exacerbated hisRead MorePoems with Theme with Life and Death and Their Analysis8446 Words   |  34 PagesEI WAI KHAING AN ANALYSIS OF THEMES ON LIFE AND DEATH OF SOME POEMS Abstract: Some basic elements of poem and types of poem are included in this paper. Although there are countless number of poems on Life and Death, only the ones which seem noteworthy are studied and analysed in terms of themes. Different opinions of different poets on life and death found in their poems are also presented and contrasted in this paper. This paperRead MoreJewish Cultural Immersion : Through My Eyes3058 Words   |  13 Pagespopulation and how they differ from myself in a variety of ways. Additionally, I will provide a reflection of my immersion into the Jewish culture via my observations and highlight what I have learned from my interactions. Additionally, I will include an analysis of how my perceptions of Jewish individuals has changed and address cultural considerations when counseling those from the Jewish population. Identification and Description I selected Jewish Americans for my immersion project because other thanRead Moredreams of vision9899 Words   |  40 PagesA Thesis ANALYSIS ON TRAGIC CHARACTER IN THE MAYOR OF CASTERBRIDGE By ANDRI HERMANSYAH 102026024515 ENGLISH LETTERS DEPARTMENT FACULTY OF ADAB AND HUMANITIES SYARIF HIDAYATULLAH STATE ISLAMIC UNIVERSITY JAKARTA 2009 APPROVEMENT ANALYSIS ON TRAGIC CHARACTER IN THE MAYOR OF CASTERBRIDGE A Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of Adab and Humanities In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements For the Degree of Strata (S 1) By ANDRI HERMANSYAH 102026024515 Advisory: INAYATULRead MoreCrossing the Chasm76808 Words   |  308 Pagesconsulting organization. In addition to maintaining its communications disciplines, it must also provide experienced counsel and leadership in making Foreword xiii fundamental marketing decisions. Market entry, market segmentation, competitive analysis, positioning, distribution, pricing—all these are issues with which a successful marketing effort must come to grips. And so we again remade ourselves, adding to market relations a second practice-high-tech marketing consulting. Today, our practicesRead MoreThe Studio System Essay14396 Words   |  58 Pages * Typical Films: Young Mr. Lincoln, Drums Along the Mohawk, The Grapes of Wrath, How Green Was My Valley, Shirley Temple films, Charlie Chan films RKO --- * Known For: stylish and sophisticated musicals; literary adaptations, King Kong; this is also the studio that allowed Orson Welles to make Citizen Kane * In Charge: kept changing through the 1930s * Directors: most often on loan from other studios (e.g. John Ford, Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesLine 58 Understanding and Appreciating Individual Differences Important Areas of Self-Awareness 61 Emotional Intelligence 62 Values 65 Ethical Decision Making and Values 72 Cognitive Style 74 Attitudes Toward Change 76 Core Self-Evaluation 79 SKILL ANALYSIS 84 Cases Involving Self-Awareness 84 Communist Prison Camp 84 Computerized Exam 85 Decision Dilemmas 86 SKILL PRACTICE 89 Exercises for Improving Self-Awareness Through Self-Disclosure 89 Through the Looking Glass 89 Diagnosing Managerial CharacteristicsRead MoreMarketing Management 14th Edition Test Bank Kotler Test Bank173911 Words   |  696 PagesStrategic management E) Distribution management Answer: A Page Ref: 5 Objective: 2 Difficulty: Easy 3) Identify the correct statement about marketing management. A) It is primarily concerned with the systematic gathering, recording, and analysis of data about issues related to marketing products and services. B) It focuses mostly on monitoring the profitability of a companys products and services. C) It focuses solely on attaining an organizations sales goals in an efficient manner.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Moving Prostitution Through The United States - 2100 Words

Moving Prostitution in the Right Direction in the United States Abstract: This paper explores the world’s oldest and most controversial occupation and puts forth a foundational plan for legalizing and regulating sex work in a safe way that satisfies both radical and liberal feminists ideals. To understand how prostitution has evolved to where it’s at today, this proposal travels through the history of prostitution in the United States (heavily focusing on the twentieth century.) Prostitutes were initially accepted and openly sought after. A shift in societal norms and values placed sex work in a heavy degradation. The regulation of prostitution in Nevada began in 1970 and resulted in the first licensed brothel in 1971. Fast forward nearly fifty years and prostitution is outlawed in 49 out of 50 states. Vast amounts of money are being spent annually in failed attempts to stop prostitution all together. Radical feminists are those who would identify as conservative. They are against prostitution on the belief that it victimizes and de grades women in poverty. Liberal feminists strongly agree that the government has no place in a women’s body and that the right to perform sex work is human right. This paper analyzes these different perspectives and incorporates a model that will resemble the current working regulation in Nevada. Stricter stipulations such as health requirements and the legal age should help influence radical feminist to expand their perspective and acceptance.Show MoreRelatedLegalization Of Prostitution : The United States From The Beginning Of English Settlements1542 Words   |  7 PagesProstitution has underlyingly lingered in the history of the United States from the beginning of English settlements. In the industrial times, five percent of the population of women working were prostitutes. During the migration to the West, prostitutes were the majority- if not the only women in boom towns. Not until 1875, were there any laws officially banning prostitution. The Page law was created whe n Chinese immigrant women become prostitutes or second wives to European men. The law bannedRead MoreProstitution : A Controversial And Challenging Social Issue855 Words   |  4 PagesProstitution, also referred to as â€Å"the oldest profession,† has always been a controversial and challenging social issue. It is practiced in many different forms including: call girls, convention prostitutes, apartment prostitutes, hotel prostitutes, house prostitutes, bar girls, streetwalkers, and parking lot lizards (). Civilizations such as the Samarians, and countries including Morocco and parts of India engaged in a form of prostitution known as temple prostitution. Temple prostitution is basedRead MoreProstitution And Its Effect On Society Essay1630 Words   |  7 Pagesopportunity for the corrupt to create victims. Prostitution has been practiced in all ancient and modern cultures. In the United States, prostitution was originally widely legal. Prostitution was made illegal in almo st all states between 1910 and 1915 due to the influence of the Woman s Christian Temperance Union which was influential in the banning of drug use and was a major force in the prohibition of alcohol. In 1917 the legally defined prostitution district Storyville in New Orleans was closedRead MoreWhy Prostitution Should Remain Illegal in the United States1494 Words   |  6 PagesResearch Paper 20 April 2012 Why Prostitution Should Remain Illegal in the United States Prostitution is said to be â€Å"the world’s oldest profession† (Ramchandran par. 1). The Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary defines prostitution as â€Å"the act or practice of engaging in promiscuous sexual relations especially for money† (â€Å"Prostitution† par. 1). Many people argue that prostitution should be legalized, but it hurts people more than it helps. Legalization of prostitution condones sexual behavior for profitRead MoreEssay about Japanese, Russian, Chinese, and Mexican Organized Crime1042 Words   |  5 Pages Organized crime is an international issue and it exists in several different countries, such as; Italy, China, Japan, Russia and the United States of America. Although all these groups of organized crime have many things in common they tend to have different ways of doing something, or they may not do them at all. Many also commit similar types of crimes, and others commit crimes other groups would not. It is thought that the Russian Mafia has existed in Russia for several centuries. When RussiaRead MoreHuman Trafficking : A Hidden Disease1600 Words   |  7 PagesHidden Disease Worldwide close to thirteen million people are victims of human trafficking, roughly 14,500 are brought to the United States per year, from other countries (Orlando). Human trafficking comes in two ways, international and domestic. International trafficking can be forced child labor or prostitution, whereas domestic is, for the most part, child prostitution (Levy). Women and children from all over the world are taken off the streets and forced to become something most people couldRead MoreWorld History And Geography : Human Trafficking1414 Words   |  6 Pagesexploited for forced labor or commercial sex. 50% of those victims were estimated to be children. But in 2012 there were 20.9 million victims of trafficking worldwide. Child trafficking has become an enormous problem itself, some cases involve child prostitution, labor, slavery or similar acts, removal of organs and illegal adoption. Some examples of these cases are forcing people to work in factories and being forced to become soldiers and wage wars. According to Human Trafficking, written by Joyce HartRead MoreHuman Trafficking Has Become An Increasing Problem1402 Words   |  6 Pagesex ploited for forced labor or commercial sex. 50% of those victims were estimated to be children. But in 2012 there were 20.9 million victims of trafficking worldwide. Child trafficking has become an enormous problem itself, some cases involve child prostitution, labor, slavery or similar acts, removal of organs and illegal adoption. Some examples of these cases are forcing people to work in factories and being forced to become soldiers and wage wars. According to Human Trafficking, written by Joyce HartRead MoreHuman Trafficking1302 Words   |  6 Pagesday slavery, the illegal trade of humans for forced labor or exploitation, fortunately it is recognized as a growing issue in the United States. Exploitation refers to the use of other individuals for prostitution or any forms of forced labour. Trafficking victims do not have to be foreign born or transported across borders; in fact, many are born in the United States and are never moved from their recruitment city. Woman and young c hildren living in poverty are normally the ones who fall in theRead MoreSince Its Beginning, Women’S Reproduction Has Been A Controversial1393 Words   |  6 PagesSince its beginning, women’s reproduction has been a controversial and debated topic in the United States. Views on sexuality and gender, civil rights movements, and religious views have all had an effect on the control of women’s reproduction. While historical events have had some effect on current debates, some events have been overlooked or ignored by those involved in disputes involving reproductive rights. One of these time periods that is often not discussed is the colonial period. In the

Critical Analysis of NMBA Samples for Students †MyAssignmenthelp.com

Question: Discuss about the Critical Analysis Case study of NMBA. Answer: Topic Sentence: The AustralianNursing and Midwifery Council (ANMC) have initially adopted an idea of introducing a code of conduct for registerednursing and Midwifery professional practising in Australia. Elaboration: The concept behind the development of the code of conduct is to determine the capacity of the professional conduct within a set of regulations. The development of the code of conduct would be helpful for understanding the activity of thenursing professionals within regulations which eventually monitor and restrict unprofessional and unethical conduct regarding handling health care users. The primary objective of the Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses in Australia is to formulate a set of professional conduct for the nursing professionals within their professional domain. The healthcare users, regulatory and professional bodies can expect or assess the performance of thenursing professionals with the help of these guidelines or code of conduct. In the present discussion, a reflective essay has been outlined for the understanding of the professional conduct of the respondent in the case study in line with the Code of Professional Conduct for Nurses in Australia. The contextual cas e is the documentation of the tribunal conducted by Nursing and Midwifery professional standards committee NSW against a set of professional conduct by Heather Conyard within the health care premises. The objective of the reflective essay is to develop a scope of further research and new incorporations through the analysis of the professional conduct of Heather Conyard mentioned within the tribunal proceeding in line with the professional code of conduct. The below mentioned standards are the suitable code of conduct for the best outcome relative to the critical situation mentioned in the case study I am considering three nursing standards for conducting the critical analysis of professional conduct of Heather Conyyard within the health care premises regarding patient A. Therefore a comparative analysis could be done on that basis for the understanding of the nursing code of conduct mentioned in NMBA and for the development of the comprehensive idea about an unsatisfactory performance (Fisher M, 2017 ). Standard 1.6: According to registered nurses standard of practice, Standard 1.6 is applicable to maintain the standard practice of nurses with the health care premises for developing a research applicable for the treatment plan. According to the standard 1.6, a registered nurse needs to maintain a comprehensive, accurate and on time documentation of the vital signs of the patients for the development of the assessment and corresponding treatment plan (Terry et al. 2017). Standard 3.7: The nursing standard 3.7 has been mentioning the core competencies of a registered nurse. According to the Standard 3.7, a registered nurse has to encourage the best practises during the professional service period resulting from the best outcome for the treatment plan of the health care user. Therefore, a nurse has to be competent for the role in the health care system in accordance with all necessary code of conduct during a treatment procedure which would be helpful for developing the best treatment plan for the health care user (Brown et al. 2017). Standard 4.4: The nursing standard 4.4 has a crucial role in developing a nursing credential. The standard 4.4 elaborates the role of a registered nurse during a crisis period and ability to evaluate the importance of the situation. A nurse should assess the situation and available resources present in the health care premises for encountering the critical situation for further course of treatment as the best outcome for the health care user (Vogt T, 2015). Standard 5.5: A registered nurse has to perform according to a necessary code of conduct for coordinating necessary resources for evaluating the critical situation and construct an efficient planning for the implementation of the significant steps as the best outcome of the practice. Therefore the assessment of the situation would have a huge reflection on the future course of action depending upon the competency of the registered nurse (Terry et al. 2017). Standard 7.3: A registered nurse who has been handling a critical situation has been being competent with the necessary practices which would be helpful for developing a course of action applicable to the situation. Therefore, the nurse has to note and determine the necessary vital signs of the patient and communicates with the concerned person for further guidance (Terry et al. 2017). Evidence: The Nursing and Midwifery Council of NSW is the responsible body for assessing the professional conduct of registered nurses within the nursing code of conduct for establishing the professional conduct as unsatisfactory. The contextual case study is the documentation of the decision statement regarding an unsatisfactory conduct of Heather Conyyard within the healthcare premises. According to the case study, an 81 years old female patient has admitted to Glen Innes District hospital with various physical discomforts and various treatment attempts have failed to recover her. She died on 12th January 2012 under the supervision of Heather Conyyard who was the respondent for recording and conducting the professional duties within the protocol or nursing code of conduct. I am conducting a critical analysis of the professional conduct done by Heather Conyyard within the capacity in line with the nursing code of conduct for the understanding of the unsatisfactory conduct which would be helpf ul for reviving the patient A. The contextual case study, the patient, an 81 years old female patient admitted to the Glen Innes District Hospital with significant physical discomfort. The vital signs at that time were not critical and associated treatment plan has been advised by Dr Haron and waited for the further review. On 11th January, Heather Conyyard, a registered nurse was in charge of the shift. According to the case study, the respondent has done all necessary steps during the shift change procedure regarding the patient but there was a significant unsatisfactory professional conduct took place between 17.10 hours to 21.00 hours which results in an unfortunate demise of the patient in the following morning. Heather Conyyard failed to assess the situation completely between 17.10 hours to 21.00 hours and performed significantly critical mistakes contrary to the code of conduct.as a registered nursing professional, Heather Conyyard has to perform accurate and timely document ation as the reference of the further treatment plan which she failed to do (White and E. 2017). Example: The lack of documentation has been further resulting in an insignificant reviewing which misled the course of treatment. Heather Conyyard has to identify the appropriate course of nursing conduct complying with the critical situation for the best outcome for the patient. According to the case study, Heather Conyyard failed to identify the necessary course of conduct suitable for the best outcome of the patient as the vital signs of the patient showing no significant improvement and additional complains also has been mentioned (Fisher M, 2017 ). Therefore, the nursing practices performed for the patient was not complying with the code of conduct mentioned in NMBA and not in line with nursing standard 3.7. Therefore, it is a significant breach of the code of conduct which would a critical offence according to section 139B of the National Law. Furthermore, Heather Conyyard also breached the nursing standard 4.4 as she failed to assess the significance of the situation between 17.10 hour s to 21.00 hours resulting in a delay of the treatment (Brown et al. 2017). Hence an unsatisfactory performance regarding code of conduct takes place which is a clear violation of the section 139B. Standard 5.5 and 7.3 also have been violated during the treatment proceeding as the respondent failed to assess the resources during the critical situation and simultaneously failed to inform the concerned doctor or any substitute doctor. Therefore, the whole treatment has been delayed which resulting in the demise of the patient (Brown et al. 2017). From the above discussion it could be concluded that the competency of the nursing profession would be very crucial for assessing and handing a critical medical situation. NMBA has developed a significant code of conduct for the registered nursing professionals, which clearly identifies the role of the nurses during various critical conditions and liability towards the nursing ethics. Therefore the professional conduct of the nurses has been monitored and controlled by NMBA for the best outcome of the health care users. During the critical analysis of the unsatisfactory conduct of Heather Conyyard, I have noticed that as a registered nurse she has completely failed to perform in accordance with the standard code of conduct which is a clear breach of standard practice. Therefore, a violation of section 139B of national law has been observed in this case which identifies critical unsatisfactory professional conduct not performed for the best interest of the patient. Concluding sentence: Every registered nurse has to be competent about their responsibility and perform in accordance with the capacity of the code of conduct for the best interest of the patient. This critical analysis has clearly identified the areas of the standard code of conduct which has been violated during the course of treatment and a comparative study also has been done for the comprehensive analysis of the unprofessional conduct by Heather Conyyard. Therefore, critical areas have been identified which need to assess for further evaluation of necessary code of conduct during the various critical medical emergency. References: Brown, R.A. and Crookes, P.A., (2017). How do expert clinicians assess student nurses competency during workplace experience? A modified nominal group approach to devising a guidance package.Collegian,24(3), pp.219-225. Daly, J., Speedy, S., Jackson, D. (2017).Contexts of nursing: An introduction. Elsevier Health Sciences. Edmonds, L., Cashin, A., Heartfield, M. (2016). Comparison of Australian specialty nurse standards with registered nurse standards.International nursing review,63(2), 162-179. Fisher, M. (2017). Professional standards for nursing practice: How do they shape contemporary rehabilitation nursing practice?.Journal of the Australasian Rehabilitation Nurses Association,20(1), 4. Schneider, Z., Whitehead, D. (2013).Nursing and midwifery research: methods and appraisal for evidence-based practice. Elsevier Australia. Terry, K., Stirling, C., Bull, R., Fassett, D. (2017). An overview of the ways nurses understand and utilise the existing Australian Competency Standards for Registered Nurses.Collegian,24(2), 109-116. Vogt, T. (2015). Life after graduationProfessional issues and registration 101.Women and Birth,28, S6. White, E. (2017). Clinical supervision: Invisibility on the contemporary nursing and midwifery policy agenda.Journal of advanced nursing,73(6), 1251-1254.

Monday, April 20, 2020

The Toad Essay Example For Students

The Toad Essay Military Organizational StructureOrganization involves a intentional formalized structure of roles. People working together towards a common goal, but in specialized areas. The overall effectiveness of any particular association is directly proportional to the functioning of its members. As a firm increases in size the participants lose sight of the concept of teamwork. To maintain the competitive edge a corporation must remain flexible. To this end, varying styles of organizational structure have been implemented. Much of this framework is determined by the business type, goals to be achieved, and even the sociological level of advancement. Our armed forces today reflect this philosophy. We will write a custom essay on The Toad specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Traditionally the military has used a rigid organizational structure. A well defined chain of command is used to delegate responsibilities, even to this day. Divisionalization structure was a common style to maintain a self-contained support and service center. As pointed out by Dessler, this style requires more managers with general management abilities (401). Most subordinates job is to follow instructions from the higher level (Adams 102). This behavior has been reinforced by a high level of discipline, required for battlefield operations. As technology has redefined combat operations, so has the organizational and management style changed. The military organization today is based upon a geographic departmentalization structure. A specific section is tasked to go into a special area first should the need arise. This metamorphosis is a requirement due to the reduced number of personnel and the need for quick worldwide responsiveness. These numbers alone are not sufficient for adequate results in reaction to many needed operations. To make up for the lack of qualified people, the reserve forces are part of the new reactionary force. In any contingency worldwide these assets may be called up with short notice for global engagement. National Guard personnel serve under the command authority of their respective state or territorial governors until mobilized for a federal mission. This unique status does involve some creative managerial solutions. As a National Guard member I have noticed a uncommon organizational structure utilized. In some ways my unit is organized as a network system. The network is comprised of formal and informal structures. Work has been divided among varies specialized shops centering around maintaining expertise in that one area. Other aspects of the unit show a matrix structure to be present. The fact I have more than one supervisor, as in a project and functional manager illustrate (Wheelen and Hunger 231). This is manifested by the emphasis that work is important not the formal structure surrounding it (Nohria and Eccles 193). A result of multitasking requirements and a limited amount of resources available to non-federal units. But overall, at least upon the surface a functional organizational structure is present. A boundaryless organizational design is an interesting concept. However not practical in the military work environment. In my shop alone there are individuals who need to know who is in charge, or they would be nonproductive. A formal, functional structure, or at least be able to work within one must be maintained. Being accustomed to this style makes the transition of working with our active duty counterparts much easier. Yet our informal network based, matrix style organization is focused upon completing the mission with all our resources, not solely upon described duty roles. The military organizational structure has evolved greatly in the last two decades for the better. And they will do better to incorporate successful National Guard techniques. Any established group that is planning to endure and succeed today must remain flexible. Works CitedAdams, J. L. Conceptual Blockbusting. San Francisco,: W. H. Freeman Co., 1974Dessler, G. Management: Leading people and organizations in the 21st century. Upper Saddle River, N J: Prentice Hall, 1998Nohria, Nitin and Robert G. Eccles. Networks and Organizations: Structure, Form, and Action. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1992. .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f , .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .postImageUrl , .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f , .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:hover , .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:visited , .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:active { border:0!important; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:active , .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud11d6714a323a10e0ecc65838a8b734f:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Teen Suicide EssayWheelen, Thomas L. and David J. Hunger. Strategic Management: and Business Policy. 6th ed. New York: Addison-Wesley, 1998BibliographyWorks CitedAdams, J. L. Conceptual Blockbusting. San Francisco,: W. H. Freeman Co., 1974Dessler, G. Management: Leading people and organizations in the 21st century. Upper Saddle River, N J: Prentice Hall, 1998Nohria, Nitin and Robert G. Eccles. Networks and Organizations: Structure, Form, and Action. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1992. Wheelen, Thomas L. and David J. Hunger. Strategic Management: and Business Policy. 6th ed. New York: Addison-Wesley, 1998

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Quick Facts About Americas Mount Rushmore

Quick Facts About America's Mount Rushmore Mount Rushmore is located in the Black Hills of Keystone,  South Dakota. The sculpture of four famous presidents - George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln - was carved into the granite rock face over many decades. According to the National Park Service, approximately 2.5 million people visit the monument each year.   Fast Facts: Mount Rushmore Location: Near Rapid City, South DakotaArtist: Gutzon Borglum. Died seven months before it was finished; completed by son Lincoln.Size: The presidents faces are 60 feet high.Material: Granite rock faceYear Started: 1927Year Completed: 1941Cost: $989,992.32Notable: The artist was tagged for the project because of his work on the Confederate Memorial Carving at Stone Mountain, Georgia, which he began. His work was removed and another artist finished it, however. Also in the national park is the Avenue of Flags, representing the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands.  In the summertime, the monument is also lit up at night. History of Mount Rushmore National Park   Gutzon Borglums model of Mt. Rushmore memorial, where you see the original plans. Library of Congresss Prints and Photographs Division/Public Domain/Wiki Commons   Mount Rushmore National Park was the brainchild of Doane Robinson, known as the â€Å"Father of Mount Rushmore.† His goal was to create an attraction that would draw people from all over the country to his state. Robinson contacted Gutzon Borglum, the sculptor who was working on the monument at Stone Mountain, Georgia. Borglum met with Robinson during 1924 and 1925. He was the one who identified Mount Rushmore as a perfect location for a grand monument. This was due to the cliffs height above the surrounding area; its composition of granite, which would be slow to erode; and the fact that it faced southeast, to take advantage of the rising sun each day. Robinson worked with John Boland, President Calvin Coolidge, Rep. William Williamson, and Sen. Peter Norbeck to gain support in Congress and the funding to proceed. Congress agreed to match up to $250,000 of funding for the project and created the Mount Rushmore National Memorial Commission. Work began, and by 1933 the Mount Rushmore project became part of the National Park Service. Borglum did not like having the NPS oversee the construction. However, he continued to work on the project until his death in 1941. The monument was deemed complete and ready for dedication on October 31, 1941. It eventually cost nearly $1 million. Why Each of the Four Presidents Was Chosen Tetra Images/Getty Images Borglum made the decision about which presidents to include on the mountain. According to the National Park Service, heres his reasoning: George Washington: He was the first president and represented the foundation of American democracy.Thomas Jefferson: With the Louisiana Purchase, he greatly expanded the nation. He was also the author of the hugely influential Declaration of Independence.  Theodore Roosevelt: He not only represented the industrial development of the nation but was also widely known for conservation efforts.  Abraham Lincoln: As the president during the U.S. Civil War, he represents the preservation of the nation above all costs.   Carving Done With Dynamite The powder monkey is holding dynamite and detonators.   Archive Photos/Getty Images With 450,000 tons of granite that needed to be removed, the sculptor found out early on that jackhammers were not going to take care of the job fast enough. He employed a munitions expert to insert charges of dynamite into drilled holes and blasted the rock off when the workers were off of the mountain. Eventually, 90 percent of the granite removed from the rock face was done with dynamite. Changes to the Design The unfinished hall of records behind Abraham Lincolns head, just as Gutzon Borglum left it. Rachel.Miller727/Creative Commons/Wiki Commons During production, the design went through nine changes. Entablature What appears isnt exactly how the sculpture was conceived by sculptor Borglum, who also had plans for wording to be etched into the rock face, called the Entablature. It was to contain a brief history of the United States, highlighting nine important events between 1776 and 1906, carved into an image of the Louisiana Purchase. Given issues over the wording and funding and the fact that people wouldnt be able to read it from a distance, that idea was scrapped. Hall of Records Another plan was to have a Hall of Records in a room behind Lincolns head that would be accessed by the public via a staircase from the base of the mountain. On display would be important documents in a room decorated with mosaics. It too was discontinued, in 1939, due to lack of funding. Congress told the artist to concentrate on the faces and just get it done. A tunnel is what remains. It does house some porcelain panels giving the background about the building of the monument, the artist, and the presidents, but its inaccessible to visitors due to the lack of a staircase. More Than Heads Mock-ups of the design include the four presidents from the waist up. Funding was ever an issue, and the directive was to just stick with the four faces. Jefferson Moved Over Thomas Jefferson was originally on the other side of George Washington. Carmen Martinez Torron/Getty Images Thomas Jefferson was originally started on George Washingtons right, and carving of Jeffersons face began in 1931. However, the granite there was full of quartz. Workers kept blasting off the quartz, but after 18 months they realized that the location was just not working. His face was dynamited off and carved on the other side. Carving Stone carvers on scaffolding and hoists carve the face of Thomas Jefferson into Mount Rushmore. George Rinhart/Getty Images Workers hung from a 3/8-inch steel cable in bosuns chairs as they worked with jackhammers, drills, and chisels and carried dynamite. To their credit, no one died during Mount Rushmores construction - or the mountains destruction, as the case may be. A crew of four hundred worked on the sculpture. Facts About Borglum American Sculptor Gutzon Borglum. George Rinhart/Getty Images Art Background Gutzon Borglum studied in Paris and became friends with Auguste Rodin, who heavily influenced the young artist.  Borglum was the first American sculptor to have his work purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.   Stone Mountain Although Borglum had begun the sculpture on Stone Mountain, Georgia, he never finished it. He left on bad terms, and his work was cleared away from the mountain face. Another sculptor, Augustus Lukeman, was called in to finish the work.   Tempestuous Boss Borglum  was often away during the sculpting of Mount Rushmore. While it was being completed, he also made a sculpture of Thomas Paine for Paris and Woodrow Wilson for Poland. His son supervised the work on the mountain during his absence.   When he was on site, he was known for his mood swings and was continuously firing and rehiring people. His energy for the project and persistence, through many years of trials and issues with funding, eventually led to the projects completion. Unfortunately, he died seven months before it was done. His son completed it. Origin of the Mountain Name The mountain took its name - incredibly - from a New York attorney there on business who asked the name of the location in 1884 or 1885. A local man with the group looking at the mountain informed him that it didnt have a name but said, We will name it now, and name it Rushmore Peak, according to a letter from Charles Rushmore, the lawyer who was in the area for a client researching a mine.

Friday, February 28, 2020

Electro-Mechanical Control Systems Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Electro-Mechanical Control Systems - Assignment Example Top-down approach in problem solving is used to solve the problems in different stages and sections. Thus, it is rather easier to solve the smaller problems rather than solving a big problem. It is rapid process of solving the problems. Rather than decreasing the viability of the solution, it enhances the reusability of the solutions and provides solution for various other problems regarding the problems or encircling the major given or discussed problem. Makes larger problems into smaller parts that can easily be solved and remain more manageable. Makes it easier to evaluate the sources of problem and correct the problem from source. In general, top-down approach splits the problems in smaller sections and parts that make the problems easier to solve and more manageable in every manner. The quality of the results remains much better as compared to that presented by other problem solving approaches. At the end, the individual results are combined to solve the problem on a scale (Math ieu, 2002). Ball Screw is a liner actuator that converts rotational motion of a moor or a rotating shaft into linear displacement. It presents very little resistance due to the ball bearing mechanism for the linear displacement of the screw. The assemble with the ball bearings act as the nut of the device while the rotating shaft or the threaded shaft acts as the screw of the device. When the nut assembly moves with respect to the rotating shaft, the balls move inside the nut assembly. There is no direct physical contact between the nut and screw. Ball bearings support and hold both the nut and screw assembled together. The whole mechanism makes the Ball screw to present lowest tolerance and highly precision at every stage. The shaft of the ball screw or the rotating shaft holds the ball bearings and presents helical raceway for the ball bearings. In this manner, the ball screws are able to with stand heavy loads

Wednesday, February 12, 2020

Fighter Jets Speech or Presentation Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Fighter Jets - Speech or Presentation Example The role of the air force could be divided into the following tasks: interdiction, close support, bombing, reconnaissance and air superiority. Interdiction is the task in which the air force intercepts an aerial target as it is moving towards its destined objective. Close support means the air force will provide lead aerial fire support against opposing ground or sea targets. Reconnaissance is the observation and gathering of enemy presence and movement from a safe distance. Air superiority is the task of securing the airspace of a battle-zone to ensure control of aerial advantages. In the case of air superiority, victory lies in the side that have the better skills and an even a near equal measure of equipment. The only way of getting rid of opposing air superiority is by either having the better pilots and planes, or by having the ground forces have a superior anti-air defense system and weaponry. Fighter jets could make use of either auto-cannons or different kinds of missiles to destroy aerial targets. Auto-cannons are used when aerial combat has become a close ranged dogfight. Missiles are used differently, depending on its kind and size. Some missiles are heat-seeking types which home into any heat signature found in the radar sight. Radar-guided missiles are missiles that are guided to a target based on the direction the radar bore-sight is aimed on. In combat, pilots of fighter jets would either have to maneuver their way from getting shot down, or make use of different countermeasures like flares, chaff or jamming systems, to avert any enemy weapons from hitting them. It should be remembered that the introduction of jet aircrafts, despite being a scientific and engineering endeavor, is a co-related to the arms race of military powers in gaining advantages of air power and superiority. During the First World War, the concept of air warfare was born and put into its early stages of application. While most critics in the military circles that time express ed that aircrafts in warfare will just be relegated to a purely reconnaissance role, a handful of visionary and forward thinking military officers and theorists saw the great potential of aircraft in more combative roles in future wars to come. The latter among the two sides were very much correct. Come the Second World War, the world’s powerful military nations already developed a formal and fundamental doctrine for their air forces. It became apparent to military leaders in the world’s leading nations that control of the air would limit the role of enemy ground and maritime forces since aircrafts literally have the sky as the limits unlike the armies and navies. Germany and Russia developed their air force doctrine to play a close combat support in tandem with their ground forces with respect to combined arms tactics and strategy. The British pursued a more active air superiority and defense role for its aircraft, while developing long range strategic bombing strateg ies with the Americans later on. The Americans and Japanese developed the basis for naval aviation as they produced aircrafts designed to operate on naval aircraft carriers. As the war dragged on, Germany’s air force also developed into air superiority roles as they switched into a more defensive strategy. As the war prolonged during the Second World War, the nations at war would pour a great deal of effort in trying to get the advantage over their adversary by

Friday, January 31, 2020

Intercultural Communications Essay Example for Free

Intercultural Communications Essay My stepmother was born in Masan, the countryside of Korea, to a family of four daughters. My step-grandfather was a hard working man. He had a small taxi and truck business. My mother’s youth was during the recovering of the war. My mom has told me stories about growing up. She rarely got nice things unlike how a lot of Korean children now get today. However, she says growing up was not as hard as most kids during the time. â€Å"Korean kids have to learn how to respect their elders,† my mother states. â€Å"For example at the dinner table you do not start eating until the elders start.† She says that hitting kids was a common thing and teachers even hit their students who failed to do assignments and do their responsibilities. It is also part of Korean culture for the eldest son to take care of the parents. Back then; the parents would even live with the eldest son even after he has married. Today, it has changed a lot and most parents would rather live alone. Children are supposed to live at home with their parents until marriage. In the United States, it was not as strict. It was common for men to move out of their parents home at eighteen and start working or go to college. These days not all Koreans still follow the culture but still, many do. Back then, Korea was recovering from war and a lot of parents were focused on their children’s education. They would do anything for their education. So, kids would do nothing but study. â€Å"I would go to school at seven in the morning and not finish until ten at night. I ate breakfast, lunch, and dinner at school,† my mom says. She studied a lot. Generally, Korea’s students study a lot more and harder than the average American. It was not until around high school years when her father made more money and became successful. My stepmom even paid for most of her college and travel expenses. She traveled to Australia to learn English and did a lot of missionary work all over the world years later. I think all of those years of studying hard paid off for her. I learned that my mom is very strict about certain things pertaining to me because of how she was raised. For Christmas, she received an orange. In today’s world, it is common for kids to go out to the mall and hang out with their friends and buy a few things. At least, that is how it is in America. My mom did not have that. In her view, kids are not really supposed to receive much money from their parents. The money should stay with the parents. I learned that the United States and Korea today share some culture similarities and some drastic differences. I feel that by learning more about cultures outside of your own one really opens up new ideas and different ways of thinking. By learning more about Korean culture over the years, I feel that I have become an a lot more open minded individual and it has made me a stronger today. Works Cited: Kim, Tara. Personal Interview. 1 Nov. 2011

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Could U.S. policy have prevented the attack of Sept.11 :: essays research papers

What would make a group people hate the U.S. so much that they would commit the terrible acts of Sept. 11. Killing thousands of innocent people and taking away the hopes and dreams of many. Some of this Anti-American sentiment begins with our long alliance with Israel. Israel and the Arab nations have been at war for many, many years. The war and resentment between these two sides begins with a strip of land called the Gaza Strip. This piece of land has been fought over for decades. So because of our alliance with Israel most of the Middle East see it as siding with their most hated enemy! I also believe that some of our have come back to haunt the U.S. One example of this would be our support of the Shah of Iran from 1966-1979. The U.S. supported the Shah even though, the people of Iran hated him and felt that he was corrupt. So that led way to the overthrow of the Shah and his government and the rule of the Ayatollah Khomeni. The new leader had a deep hatred of the U.S.and led a new anti-American sentiment in Iran. Our next ally would be Saddem Hueseein, who at the time was enemies with Iran. So the U.S. made an ally of Saddem and supplied him with billions of dollars of economic aid. Which he used to primarily build up his military forces and with that military Saddem attacked a helpless Kuwait. Saddem destroyed much of Kuwait and the ensuing war between Iraq and the Coalition forces was on. When the U.S. allied themselves with the Mujahedin army during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, who knew that Osama Bin Laden and others who fought in that war would wind up becoming the evil Taliban. It seems that U.S. policy is one of, if you are enemies of our enemies then you are our ally. I think that America should take a step back and take a long hard look at that region of

Wednesday, January 15, 2020

Osteoarthritis Sufferers In The Uk Health And Social Care Essay

A multi-centre, experimental randomised clinical test is the survey design chosen as it is the recommended attack to obtain a valid comparing of viing intercession schemes ( Green, 1997 ) . The independent variable is the instructional method which will be manipulated to see whether it has any affect on the dependent variables, which are attachment and exercising public presentation. The group having the Digital Versatile Disc ( DVD ) will stand for the survey group. The group having illustrations will move as the control group as illustrations are supported by literature and presently used in standard physical therapy pattern. It is necessary to include a control group to forestall overestimate of intervention consequence. A true control group ( having no instructional assistance and doing the test a randomised controlled test ) has non been used as it would be unethical to keep back intervention clearly shown to be effectual ( Schneiders et al. , 1998 ) .RecruitmentThe test aims to be as representative of the UK population as possible to increase population/external cogency. The test will include 84 females and 56 males to stand for the 3:2 female/male ratio of degenerative arthritis sick persons in the United Kingdom ( ARC ) . Under-representation of cultural groups would impact the external cogency of comparative consequence estimations. The National Statistics Office provinces that the 2001 Census found that 8.3 % of the UK population belonged to other cultural groups and this figure appears to hold risen to 10.1 % harmonizing to the Labour Force study, 2006. Thirty per centum of participants will be recruited from other cultural groups so that 1 ) the strata is big plenty and 2 ) cultural minorities are reasonably represented. This figure will nevertheless be checked with the statistician prior to test beginning. Research suggests that people with a lower educational attainment are less likely to adhere to exert, it is hence of import to see where participants will be recruited from. A survey by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development ( 2005 ) showed a close correlativity between educational underachievement and countries of societal want in London. Cooper ( 2003 ) found those populating in interior London by and large achieved lower classs than those in Outer London ( appendix1 ) .Therefore to increase external cogency, 2 Inner London and 2 Outer London locations have been chosen.Inclusion StandardsInclusion/exclusion standards are used in this survey to place appropriate participants and guarantee their safety. Strict standards will guarantee 1 ) research workers can non act upon choice to favor or except certain predictive factors, therefore biasing the consequences 2 ) participants are representative of populations to whom the test ‘s findings will use, therefore k eeping external cogency. It is besides of import to see that if the standards are excessively restrictive it could restrict the size of test and the findings will miss generalization. Participants will be eligible if they are aged 50+ as 1 in 5 grownups have knee degenerative arthritis by this age and it is uncommon in people younger. By the age of 80, it increases to 1 in 2 grownups ( ARC ) . The test will hold no upper age bound so that the findings are relevant to all age groups susceptible to knee degenerative arthritis. Inclusion of older participants is peculiarly pertinent to this survey as Henry et Al ( 2000 ) found grownups aged 65+ had greater troubles retrieving exercisings which may impact attachment and exercising public presentation. Participants must hold equal hearing, vision and apprehension of written and spoken English to let equal comprehension of the exercising instructions. In pattern this may non be necessary ; nevertheless, for the interest of this test it must be controlled to forestall confusing consequences. To forestall allotment prejudice, participants will be required to hold entree to a DVD participant, irrespective of their allotment. The Office of National Statistics ( 2008 ) found that 86 % of the population owns a DVD participant. This will merely except a little figure of the population so it is considered acceptable. Radiographic grounds of degenerative arthritis, grade 2-3 on the Kellgren and Lawrence graduated table is an inclusion standard as Deyle ( 2000 ) found increased disease badness is associated with lower attachment. Guaranting all participants are mild-moderate makes the consequences comparable. Additionally, it would be unethical to supply unneeded intervention. The Nice guidelines ( 2008 ) recommend beef uping exercisings for degenerative arthritis patients ; therefore participants would be prescribed beef uping exercisings irrespective of the test. Radiographic grounds ensures patients are non given an inappropriate intervention by clinicians who may desire to increase enlisting rate.Exclusion StandardsParticipants with inflammatory arthritis will be excluded as beef uping exercisings can worsen redness in the articulatio genus articulation during a flare-up ( Luqmani et al.,2006 ) . Similarly, Sharma et Al ( 2003 ) found that in certain joint environments, such as malalignment or laxness, higher quadriceps strength was associated with a greater hazard of disease patterned advance hence such participants will besides be excluded. Participants who have antecedently been prescribed lower-limb exercisings or partaken in regular exercising categories will be excluded as they may demo increased exercising public presentation and attachment. Participants with cognitive damages may non be able to give informed consent, therefore inclusion would be unethical. They may besides hold impaired ability to retain information which could confuse the consequences. Finally, participants will be excluded if they have cardiac jobs or any serious pathology as they may hold an increased hazard of an inauspicious reaction or necessitate onward specializer referral which may detain beginning of physical therapy.ProcedureRandom allotment and allotment privacyThis test will utilize consecutive numbered, otherwise indistinguishable, opaque, certain envelopes ( SNOSE ) to randomize par ticipants and guarantee allotment privacy. Participants will be randomised as it is considered the most dependable method of making homogenous intervention groups in footings of known or unknown predictive factors ( Altman 1999 ) . It controls for unsuspected effects and increases the likeliness that any ascertained differences are caused by the experimental status, therefore increasing the internal cogency of the test. An extra protection against prejudice during randomisation is concealment of allotment. This will forestall the research worker from act uponing which intercession group each participant is assigned to, hence forestalling a choice prejudice. A choice prejudice could ensue in an overestimate of the effects of the intercession by about 40 % ( Schulz, 2002a ) . SNOSE is an economical and straightforward agencies of guaranting allotment privacy. The extra safeguards ( e.g. aluminum foil, carbon paper ) increase the trouble of uncloaking the allotment strategy. By puting the group assignment card inside a folded sheet of aluminum foil ensures the envelope is impermeable to light and run alonging the interior of the envelope with C paper allows the envelope to reassign information onto the assignment card, making an audit trail. Stratified randomization is still possible utilizing randomization envelopes by holding a set of envelopes for each combination of stratification factors.Stratific ationBaseline features such as age, gender, ethnicity and instruction will be recorded at the beginning of the test. As this is a comparatively little test, there is a greater hazard of unequal distribution of patient features between groups ( Kernan 1999 ) . Age, ethnicity and educational attainment are known to be strongly related to attachment and public presentation ( predictive ) therefore stratification is needed ( Schluz, 2002b ) . A big survey by Sluijs et Al. ( 1993 ) found attachment to place exercisings increases with age and is reciprocally relative to educational degree. Rastall et Al. ( 1999 ) and Henry et Al ( 2000 ) found grownups aged 65+ had greater trouble memory exercisings which may impact public presentation. Evidence besides suggests cultural minorities are less likely to adhere to exert ( e.g. Muse, 2005 ) . To let for 3 strata the sample size had been increased. However, as the test is to include merely 30 % of participants from other cultural groups this ma y impact stratification. Therefore, this figure will be checked with the statistician prior to the beginning of test and if found to be excessively low to adequately stratify cultural minorities, either sample size or the figure of cultural minorities included will increase further. Stratified randomisation besides helps forestall type I error ( Feinstein and Landis, 1976 ) and better power ( Lachin and Bautista, 1995 ) and is most good to tests ( such as this ) with less than 200 participants ( Schluz, 2002b ) . As the writer is unsure as to what the existent figure of participants in each stratum will be before the test commences, permuted blocks within each strata will guarantee balance between the chief intervention weaponries. Schluz ( 2002b ) suggests that it may be possible to expect the randomisation sequence in some tests that are block-randomized utilizing unvarying block sizes, hence this test will utilize two different block sizes ( 2 and 4 ) .BlindingIdeally, both participant and research worker should be blinded to avoid the comparing of interventions from being distorted ( Schluz, 2002c ) and to forestall ascertainment prejudice. This test is a single-blind survey as active capable engagement is required. The physical therapist ( who besides acts as the result assessor ) will be blinded as cognition of group assignment could make a prejudice when measuring result steps due to preconceived impressions of â€Å" expected † results. Furthermore, as the Exercise Assessment Scale has a grade of subjectiveness, blinding the result assessor will beef up their objectiveness.Strengthening exercisingsStrengthening exercisings were chosen as they have been shown to better hurting and map in degenerative arthritis patients and are portion of the NICE ( 2008 ) guidelines. Previous surveies suggest a HEP can keep betterments ( Huang et al, 2003 ; Huang et Al, 2005 ) , nevertheless long term attachment was low. This suggests a demand to set up ways to better attachment to interventions clearly shown to be effectual. The exercising strength, frequence and repeats will be tailored to the person and based on findings of recent grounds ( e.g. Richards,2004 ; Jan et al. , 2008 ) . Strengthening exercisings are besides more likely to nece ssitate specific direction than, for illustration, aerophilic exercisings and older persons in peculiar may happen exercising technique hard to retrieve.DVD directionAssorted surveies ( e.g. Grove, 1999 ) find participants utilizing exercising pictures have increased motive to exercising and are less likely to develop bad habits/techniques. It is hence hypothesised DVD ‘s will increase attachment and exercising public presentation. Additionally, if public presentation improves physiotherapist clip rectifying exercising should diminish.Result MEASURESThe Exercise Assessment Scale ( Smith et al.,2005, adapted from Rastall et al.,1999 ) was chosen as it enables elaborate appraisal of public presentation and has the highest reported dependability out of the graduated tables found. Validity of graduated table has non been officially reported, nevertheless, inter-rater dependability has been assessed ( Smith et al.,2005 ) utilizing the intra-class correlativity coefficient ( ICC ) . The ICC was 0.99 indicating first-class inter-rater dependability ( Shrout and Fleiss, 1979 ) . Prior to the test, preparation will be given to guarantee truth and consistence of measuring is increased therefore increasing statistical power. As the measuring has a grade of subjectiveness, appraisals will be recorded so that public presentation can be analyzed post-intervention to guarantee participant scaling is tantamount. Participants will utilize a self-report log to mensurate attachment to their HEP. It is a normally used step which has been found to be dependable when compared to spouse studies ( Follick et al. , 1984 ) and nonsubjective pedometer values ( Speck,2006 ) back uping the cogency of the step. The recognized benefits include the ability to roll up informations from a big figure of people at low cost and that it does non change the behavior of the person ( increasing ecological cogency ) . However, as the step is subjective, Vitolins et Al ( 2000 ) recommends more than one method should be used to measure attachment. A widely used nonsubjective step of per centum attending to physiotherapy Sessionss will besides be used. Direction clip will be assessed as rectification of exercisings utilizations valuable physiotherapy clip that could be spent on accessory interventions. It is hence of import to mensurate the effectivity of any intercession in cut downing clip allocated to exert rectification.AnalysisMeanss and standard divergences will be calculated for all variables. For parametric informations ( e.g. figure of repeats, exercising frequence ) the agency of the two groups will be compared utilizing the independent-sample t-test as the survey is experimental in design, comparing 2 groups of topics ( Hicks, 2004 ) . The Exercise Assessment Scale provides ordinal informations ( Smith et Al, 2005 ) , hence a Mann Whitney U trial ( a non-parametric trial ) will be used. P-values are used to find whether a void hypothesis formulated before the survey commenced is to be accepted or rejected. To cut down the hazard of type II mistake, the degree of significance will be set at P & lt ; 0.05. In explorative s urveies such as this, p-values enable the acknowledgment of any statistically notable findings. Assurance intervals will besides be used as they provide a scope of values for the variable of involvement ( the step of intervention consequence ) . This scope has a specified chance of including the true value of the variable, every bit good supplying information about the way and strength of the demonstrated consequence. Decisions can so be made about the clinical relevancy and the statistical plausibleness of the survey ‘s findings. Both statistical steps will be reported because they provide complementary types of information ( Prel,2009 ) . Purpose to handle analysis will be used as it retains balance in predictive factors originating from the original random intervention allotment and gives an indifferent estimation of intervention consequence. Additionally it gives a more valid representation of intervention efficaciousness as it relates to clinical pattern ( Pocock, 1983 ) .Time REQUIREDThe test is 18-months to let for a sufficient accrual period and for a long-run intercession. The writer contacted a similar sized Outpatient section, which reported about 30-40 patients present with degenerative arthritis over a 6-month period. In add-on participants will be recruited from physician ‘s surgeries and orthopedic waiting lists. It is estimated that 12-14 participants at each infirmary will come in the test during each enlisting stage. The minimal figure required is 12 so that 140 participants are recruited by the terminal of recruitment stage-3. If merely 2 participants at each infirmary are recruited each hebdoma d, it will necessitate a 6-week accrual period for each stage of the test. The clip to enroll the mark population is frequently under-estimated ( Carter,2005 ) therefore the accrual period has been increased to 8-weeks to guarantee equal Numberss are reached. The intercession period will be for 1-year as a recent reappraisal ( Jordan,2010 ) identified a demand for tests with long-run follow ups which explicitly address attachment.Forces REQUIREDFour physical therapists, one from each infirmary will be required to work 153 hours over the 18-month test. Participants will be seen 9 times by their physical therapist. The initial session will be 45minutes and the staying Sessionss will be 30minutes ( as criterion in physical therapy pattern ) . The 3 enlisting and intercession stages are staggered, hence, if the physical therapist sees 3 participants per hebdomad ( the required 12 per month ) and assignments are made for the same clip each month, the physical therapist will be required to work 0-4.5 hours per hebdomad ( see physical therapist timetable, appendix2 ) . The physical therapists will be employed on an hourly footing. The research helper will be employed on a parttime footing to randomize participants and publish the instructional A IDSs.ETHICAL ISSUESThis survey addresses ethical considerations highlighted the by the Chartered Society of Physiotherapists ( 2001 ) publication on research moralss ( Appendix3 ) . The survey aims to be of â€Å" value † and to better the wellness of patients with degenerative arthritis of the articulatio genus. It is of import that the test is published so that the participants have non been unnecessarily inconvenienced and subjected to possible hazards. Therefore this test will merely take topographic point after blessing and understanding to print by a well-thought-of diary.

Tuesday, January 7, 2020

The Keynesian Era During The Middle Of The Nineteenth Century

Before the â€Å"Keynesian† era in the middle of the nineteenth century, economists Adam Smith, David Ricardo, Thomas Mathus, and John Stuart Mill all shared somewhat similar economic views of the world. Some of the main concepts covered during this time included the division of labor, theories of rent, value, and distribution, theories of market â€Å"gluts† and population, and opportunity cost, competition, and trade. These classical economists believed capitalism was the foundation for an efficient economy where little to no government intervention was recognized. Although they disagreed on some issues, economics is interesting in the sense that ideas are always changing based on the shifting markets and viewpoints of economists. Economics, which is described as the knowledge or rationalization of how a market works based on production, consumption, the transfer of wealth, or a person’s income from one set of hands to another, can relate even to this day, back to the revolutionizing conception of one extremely important economist, John Maynard Keynes. Before Keynes, economists believed with little to no government intervention, an economy would be self-adjusting in terms of employment and economic production, consumption, and output. All the ideas of classical economists were questioned during the Great Depression because markets were failing, there were high rates of unemployment, and the economy was not fixing itself. Keynes wrote The General Theory of Employment, Interest,Show MoreRelatedHistory of Globallization5628 Words   |  23 Pagesglobalization covers centuries. This paper divides those centuries into three eras. 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Work in pre-industrial societies In order to appreciate the revolutionary character of the modernRead MoreMixed Economy7299 Words   |  30 Pagestell which half is Communist and which half is Capitalist? | Communism is a form of socialism. It puts control of all property into the hands of the government directly. The results have been impressive: over 100 million people killed in the last century. Communism is the bloodiest form of government ever conceived. It enslaves the entire population, and rules through fear. Because it destroys property rights, it makes the production of wealth almost impossible. Since the use of ones mind is no longerRead MoreMidterm Review Essay9272 Words   |  38 Pagesgrowth during the Gilded Age EXCEPT: Question options: | a) | availability of capital for investment. | | b) | a growing supply of labor. | | c) | abundant natural resources. | | d) | low tariffs. | | e) | federal land grants to railroads. | | | 1 / 1 point | 2.) 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