Thursday, November 28, 2019
After birth, human beings undergo various stages that characterise development from one stage of life to another. Such developmental stages herald a myriad of changes in various faculties of human existence (Lohman Lakin, 2009). A person experiences changes in emotional, physical, and cognitive spheres of development.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Abilities of Eleven and Twelve Ã¢â¬âYear-Olds specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such developments present changes that affect physical and behavioural spheres of human existence. The chronology of such changes manifests through various stages of development. Failure to achieve consistency in such development presents challenges that undermine developmental regime of a person (Lohman Lakin, 2009). This research undertaking seeks to underscore cognitive development of children between the ages of eleven and twelve years. Through this essay, we shall examin e relevant character traits that manifest during this age bracket with regard to cognitive development. This essay shall also examine manifest traits that are consistent with children in the above age bracket. Cognitive development of eleven and twelve-year-old children manifest in different ways. This developmental stage marks a defining moment for children in terms of how they view and understand the world around them. At the age of eleven, children develop and foster an increase in attention and concentration (Lohman Lakin, 2009). They are more attentive to detail and strive to decipher the environment around them. This increases their ability to undertake duties and tasks that relate to important and critical matters around them. At this stage, children develop an innate desire for success and excellence in various undertakings. This development trait offers a chance to explore various activities that appeal to them. At this stage, children develop strong beliefs and conviction s regarding various pertinent issues in society. They develop and foster their ultimate stand and opinion with regard to various issues around them. At this stage, children begin to decipher and question the inherent motive in the manifest behavioural traits of those around them. This trait enhances their understanding and relationship with people around them (Lohman Lakin, 2009). At the age of twelve, children acquire ability to develop a dichotomy of information and ultimately derive sense from it. At this stage, children develop critical learning skills that enhance ability to decipher and grasp information. Children also have ability to develop a summary of information from a book (Marotz Allen, 2013). They have ability to paraphrase information from a book and present it in unique words.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Children also develop ability to detect and correct gramma tical errors and logical inconsistencies. They also have ability to arrange ideas in a logical sequence. This stage is instrumental in the development regime of such children. They develop a keen interest in acquisition of knowledge, especially on matters that arouse their interest (Marotz Allen, 2013). At this stage, children preoccupy with study of literature that contain adult material. They develop a keen interest in adult literature as they covertly transit from childhood to adulthood. Studying such literature offers them a sense of satisfaction and achievement as they struggle to emulate parents and other seniors around them. At this stage, children may exhibit a recurrent need for distance and autonomy (Marotz Allen, 2013). Parents and caregivers should accord them the requisite room for personal development. This supports and enhances the inherent need for actualization and development of cognitive skills that define their existence. During this stage of development, child ren acquire character traits that determine their development in other stages of development (Marotz Allen, 2013). References Lohman, D. F., Lakin, J. M. (2009). Consistencies in Sex Differences on the Cognitive Abilities Test across Countries, Grades, Test forms, and Cohorts. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(2), 389-407. Marotz, L. R., Allen, K. E. (2013). Developmental Profiles: Pre-Birth through Adolescence. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Abilities of Eleven and Twelve Ã¢â¬âYear-Olds specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This essay on Cognitive Abilities of Eleven and Twelve Ã¢â¬âYear-Olds was written and submitted by user Jackson Sparks to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Characteristics of a 21st-Century Teacher What does a 21st-century teacher look like to you? You may have heard this popular buzzword thrown around your school or on the news, but do you know what a modern-day educator really looks like? Beyond the obvious of being up-to-date on the latest in technology, they can have the characteristics of a facilitator, a contributor, or even an integrator. Here are six more key characteristics of a 21st-century educator. Theyre Adaptive They are able to adapt to whatever comes there way. Being a teacher in todays world means that you have to adapt to the ever-changing tools and changes that are being implemented in the schools. Smartboards are replacing chalkboards and tablets are replacing textbooks and a 21st-century teacher needs to be okay with that. Lifelong Learners These educators dont just expect their students to be a lifelong learner, but they are as well. They stay up-to-date with current educational trends and technology and know how to tweak their old lesson plans from years before to make them more current. Are Tech Savvy Technology is changing at a rapid pace and that means that a 21st-century teacher is right along for the ride. The latest technology, whether its for lessons or grading, will allow the teacher and student to be able to learn better and faster. An effective teacher knows that learning about the latest gadget can truly transform their students education, so they are not just current on the new trends, but really know how to master them. Know How to Collaborate An effective 21st-century educator must be able to collaborate and work well within a team. Over the past decade, this important skill has grown quite rapidly in schools. Learning is deemed to be more effective when you can share your ideas and knowledge with others. Sharing your expertise and experience, and communicating and learning from others is an important part of the learning and teaching process. Are Forward Thinking An effective 21st-century educator thinks about their students future and is aware of the career opportunities that may arise from them. They are always planning to ensure that no child gets left behind so they focus on preparing todays children for whats to come in the future. Are Advocates for the Profession They are an advocate not only for their students but their profession. Todays teachers are being watched with a close eye because of all of the changes in curriculum and the Common Core. Instead of sitting back, a 21st-century teacher takes a stand for their themselves and their profession. They pay close attention to what is going on in education and they address these issues head-on. They also advocate for their students. Todays classrooms are filled with children who need someone to look out for them, give them advice, encouragement, and a listening ear. Effective teachers share their knowledge and expertise and act as a role model for their students. 21st-century teaching means teaching as you have always taught but with todays tools and technology. It means utilizing everything that is important in todays world so that students will be able to live and prosper in todays economy, as well as having the ability to guide students and to prepare them for the future.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Role of Nutrition Information is Influencing Consumer Choice - Essay Example ind out the level of awareness on the importance of labels on food products, and identify the factors that customers consider before purchasing a food product based on its label (Verduin, Agarwal and Waltman, 2005). Aim and Objectives The aim of the project is to understand the relationship of buying habits for food products as influenced by product labels. The objectives of the study include: To examine the behaviour of customers as they make purchases at a local supermarket To establish the level of customer awareness on the various requirements for food labelling To identify the relevant words that customers look for in labels when making choices on food products To determine the most significant details on food products to customers To identify if customers consider the health benefits of a food product or absence of health hazard before making a purchase To review literature on the effects of labels on customer choices when shopping for food products To discuss the reasons for t he choices that customers make after reading the labels on food products Literature Review Verduin, Agarwal and Waltman (2005: 2597) state that the consumer is the central player in the decisions that could help the nation reverse the obesity situation, and should be informed on the importance of keeping watch on the contents of foodstuffs that one consumes. In addition, the writers emphasise on the need for the food industry to be truthful in providing information to consumers, and adherence to other guidelines provided for ethical advertising. In addition, they assert that manufacturers should work in cooperation with the government (2610) and research institutions (2612); the government gives recommendations and enforces standards, while the research institutions ensure that the use of... This report stresses that this study is likely to encounter several limitations that may reduce its efficiency, and it has some shortcomings that may have a negative effect on the usability of the results for generalisation. First, the data collection approaches are expensive in terms of time and money, both of which may not be enough since the researcher may have other commitments. Second, the management of retail stores may not cooperate with the researcher, while customers may perceive the study as a waste of time or an infringement into their private lives. Third, the study makes many assumptions that may reduce the confidence level of the results; however, this can be countered by the use of secondary sources that allow the researcher to make exclusions and differentiations. One of the main assumptions is that a customerÃ¢â¬â¢s choice is informed by the contents of the label, and other factors, including price have little or no role to play. Finally, there is one ethical conce rn that the researcher has to deal with; observing customers and recording data without their knowledge may amount to doing research with people as subjects without their informed consent. Therefore, the researcher has to consult the ethics department of the institution before doing the study to clarify the matter. This essay makes a conclusion that the proposal is part of the process of preparing for a study, and every aspect of study must be cleared up to save on costs, identify potential obstacles and other unforeseen aspects of the study. The proposal must have the aims and objectives, and methodologies that will be used to answer the research question.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Stress Levels at Work in Canada - Essay Example Their prime focus is to train the employees and contribute to their knowledge building process which makes them competent enough to handle the stress generated from incompetency and job insecurity amidst technological changes. Ã This is why the specific code of conduct and leadership opportunities are available at Ericsson Canada to develop their personality and assist them in their personal strategies to cope with stress. Employee empowerment is also a part of the initiative (Ericsson n.d). Ã Health Canada is a healthcare organization which puts greater emphasis on stress management of employees because they ultimately have to provide caregiving and health care services to other patients. Their prime objective in the stress management drive is to reduce the instances of non-healthy habits which employees resort to when stressed. As such, it involves cessation of smoking, programs for weight control and dietary habits and overall stress management techniques (Loo 1993). Ã Thus, its stress management and wellness program emphasizes more on physical fitness and developing capabilities to remain fit and fine. This will ultimately improve the caliber of employees to handle the work pressure and reduce the levels of stress. Ã Devon Energy is an energy company in Canada where employees face common instances of job insecurity and compensation concerns due to fluctuating oil prices and global turmoil. Being regulated more by political and economic pressures, the company has put in place stringent ethical and compliance rules which do not allow the employees to cross the acceptable behavior boundary (Ethics Point 2010). Ã Emergency health services and better perks and incentives are introduced to motivate the employees for better performance. This allows them to take a little amount of stress in a positive way and as a challenge to develop their abilities.
Monday, November 18, 2019
Assignment 6.1 - Case Study Example There are several types of teams which you can use, namely, problem-solving teams, self-managed teams, virtual teams and cross-functional teams. A combination of these teams would be useful for the level of customer service and support Xerox wishes to generate. Given that asset management at Xerox involves a tremendous amount of work and challenge, an effective work team should maintain an informal and relaxed atmosphere. What is more, teams should be given a high level of autonomy to complete their relevant tasks. Structural accommodation is pertinent to team effectiveness due to the changing nature of the external environment and the diversity of cultures with which Xerox interacts. Although there is need for a considerable amount of networking at any Xerox location, the smaller the team, the more one is able to achieve optimum performance. Hence, each team should comprise six to nine members. The goals and objectives of the particular work location should be well understood and accepted by each member. Notwithstanding that there will be frequent conflict and disagreements everyone should be free to express their views about the task or the team. Given the number of countries in which our products are distributed it is necessary for team members to be creative, to be risk takers and to be sensitive to the needs of each member as well as the dynamic nature of the external environment. Nonetheless, mistakes will be made and these should be viewed as a basis for learning rather than causes for punishment. In our Houston Ã¢â¬ËfamilyÃ¢â¬â¢ we are not afraid to evaluate our performance on a regular basis as such we have developed a climate of trust in which we can all grow professionally and personally. As San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s manager, you will be required to be consistent, determined and to understand how to systematically build your team eventually you will find that your group has become a team. In
Friday, November 15, 2019
Factors Influencing Participation In Physical Activity Physical Education Essay When promoting physical activity to improve and maintain health, the socio-environmental influences that influence participation have to be taken into consideration. Physical activity is very important to public health as it has physical and mental health benefits (Kruk, 2009). It is crucial for prevention of disease but also improves a persons health and well-being and there are social benefits (Kruk, 2009). Chronic diseases such as diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease are especially a problem due the high number of physical inactivity (Department of Health, 2004). Adults who are physically active have up to 50% less chance of having chronic disease (Department of Health, 2004). Obesity is also a major problem in the United Kingdom and this could be reduced if there was more participation in physical activities. It would help with fat loss and improve fitness and health (Department of Health, 2004). The recommended amount of physical activity is a minimum of thirty minutes a day, five days a week. However, only 35% of males and 24% of females manage to complete this recommendation (Miles, 2007). This may be due to a change in lifestyle because compared to thirty years ago there are less manual jobs and a lot of everyday activities have been improved through use of machines therefore people can be less active (e.g. housework, shopping etc) (Department of Health, 2004). Physical activity is when a person expends energy above normal resting level and there are two types of activities; Usual and intentional (Kruk, 2009). Intentional activity refers to activities that are not normal daily activities, such as dressing or walking, but ones that are during leisure time (Kruk, 2009). This essay will look at some of the different factors that influence people to take part in physical activity and how these factors vary across different populations. One factor to consider when looking at influences on physical activity is upbringing and family life. The interaction with family members and social groups when children are young plays a part in their interest in physical activity later on in life (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). Social economic factor can determine how much a child can participate in physical activity as it has been shown that middle or upper class families take part as they see it as routine and can afford to take their children to classes and different activities (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). In the study carried out by Dakgas and Stathi (2007) they found that depending on a childs financial support, encouragement from family members and environment, participation in physical varies. They compared two schools; school A which was in the suburbs and 78% of pupils left with five or more grades at A*-C level compared to a school in the city (school B) which had 40% of pupils leaving with five or more A*-C level grades. They i nterviewed 16 year olds and asked them about what activities they take part in, if their parents help them out and school support. They found that the pupils from school A took part in many more activities in school but also outside of school hours. They had opportunities to join lots of different clubs (e.g. hockey and skiing) due to the school having links with sports clubs (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). Pupils from school B didnt have many opportunities and only participated in physical activity during school time. The school didnt have playing fields so the variety of sports was limited. When asked about financial support many pupils from school A agreed that without their parents paying for their sessions or kit they wouldnt be able to take part. Pupils from school B said they couldnt afford to attend clubs as their parents didnt have a lot of spare money (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). The family encouragement was also very little as pupils said they didnt do activities with their fami ly at the weekends, they would hang around the park with their friends. This compares to school A, who said they go for walks or take part in activities with their families at the weekends. They also mentioned that because of other members of the family participating in sports this encouraged them to take part; this motivation was not the same for pupils from school B (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). The study shows that a persons upbringing can have a major effect on attitudes to physical activity and there are many factors that play a part such as living environment and occupation in adult life. There is an influence of living environment on a persons participation in physical activity and this is mainly due to the accessibility of facilities (Frost et. al, 2010).There is more of a positive attitude to physical activity if people can walk, in a safe and short distance to facilities (Frost et. al, 2010). People in rural areas are less likely to take part in physical activity as they do not have facilities close by compared to those who live in suburban or urban areas (Sallis et. al, 1990). There are two reasons as to why having facilities nearby encourage people to exercise. The first is that they provide visual stimuli; if a person has to walk past a leisure centre everyday then they are going to think more about taking part in physical activity. It also means that participating in physical activity becomes a social norm, making more people more likely to take part (Sallis et. al, 1990). If there are facilities close by it also decreases the obstacle of travelling and the tr avel time (Sallis et. al, 1990). The number of facilities in rural areas is a factor that influences participation and also why there is a greater chance of getting cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes (Frost et. al, 2010). Where a person lives may be due to their job and this can also have an impact on participation in physical activity. Occupation influences participation in physical activity as it has been shown that your type of job can affect how much physical activity you do (Burton and Turrell, 2000). Blue collar workers (e.g. Drivers, labourers, machine operators etc.) have higher mortality rates and more risk of having cardiovascular disease compared to white collar (e.g. Clerks, sales people) and professional workers (e.g. manager). White collar and professional works have been shown to do more physical activity in their leisure time. This may be due to reasons such as blue collar workers may live further away from work so have to add travel time on to their leisure time and they may also have more work responsibilities to take care of (Burton and Turrell, 2000). They also might not have control over when and for how long they work compared to a manager who can have a say in their shifts. There has also been evidence to suggest that most in most workplaces people can spend up to around a half of their time s itting (Kirk and Rhodes, 2011). It is also a similar situation during leisure time when people watch television, using a computer or drive to places, meaning that people spend most of their day being inactive. This shows that their needs to be a change in lifestyle, particularly in workplaces. People should have time during their day to do half an hour of physical activity whether it is at work and during leisure time as physical activity plays an important role in prevention and treatment of hypokinetic diseases. There has been research looking at how physical activity can help with the treatment of hypokinetic diseases such cardiovascular disease (CVD) and obesity. It has been shown that regular physical activity that uses large muscle groups is very important to treating CVD (Briffa et. al, 2006). Physical activity improves symptoms and functionality capacity, for example, reduces recurrent angina symptoms and also helps reduce breathlessness. Taking part in regular physical activity also help with recovering patients in daily activities as it builds up their strength (Briffa et. al, 2006). Survivors of myocardial infarction are 2.5% less likely to die if they are physical active (Briffa et. al, 2006) and this shows that doing even the minimal amount of physical activity is going to benefit a person in their life. Obesity can also be treated with the use of physical activity. To maintain body weight energy intake would have equal the amount of energy being expended and therefore to lose wei ght the amount of energy expenditure, by doing physical activity, needs to be greater which creating an energy deficit (Jakicic and Otto, 2005). To get the best long-term weight loss it has been found that there needs to be a high level of physical activity. This means instead of the recommended 30 minutes a day, a person would have to take part in 60mins of high intensity physical activity to achieve long-term weight loss (Jakicic and Otto, 2005). However it is not achieved just from physical activity, diet also needs to be made healthier to ensure maximum weight loss. This is why it is important to influence participation in physical activity as there could be a major decrease in obesity if people knew how important it was. It has been shown that there are many factors influencing participation physical activity and that what work for one person might not suit another. When looking at the factors that influence young people it is shown there needs to be a change for schools and pupils from a lower class area as they dont have the opportunities to participate that pupils from an upper class area may have. Schools could have after-school clubs where people from the local gym or football club hold classes for a smaller fee to get the children to take part in a variety of activities. Living environment also influences participation as if facilities are not available people do not take part in any kind of physical activity. People from rural areas should be encouraged to use the environment they have near-by to go for walks or cycles or hold classes in the local school or town hall. This means they dont have to travel in to an urban area and will cost less money. Many peoples lifestyle now involves working a lot of hours, mostly in an office and having no leisure time to take part in physical activity and this is a big problem. There needs to be an attitude change in how people look at physical activity. It should not be seen as a chore but something that they will benefit from. If people knew how much their health would benefit from doing as little as 30 minutes of physical activity, five times week, then maybe more people would rethink sitting in front of the television when they get home from work. Once people learn the importance of physical activity then there could be a massive reduction in the amount of people diagnosed with hypokinetic diseases and a much healthier country.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
A Study of Perspectives Livingston's documentary Paris is Burning inspired an awareness of being that I had not previously experienced. The film urges the spectator to reevaluate not only one's breadth of knowledge of the black gay culture in the 80's, but also the perspectives from which one views the film. Personally speaking, the easiest evaluation of the latter topic would be the perspective of a privileged white straight female born into a sheltered and socially traditional household. This background would thus color my reaction to the film: one of intense sadness for the featured interviewees who yearned for an existence which was mostly unobtainable except in the case of extreme sacrifice and typically led to social ostracizing and ridicule (even in some cases, death) Ã¢â¬â yet this existence they yearned to emulate was something I had been born into without struggle nor appreciation, it was simply my life. But one could say my perspective of pity and guilt was actually somewhat of a perversion of the deeper meaning of the film. My feelings were not enlightened but the opposite Ã¢â¬â I was subjugating the people's identities in the film by not recognizing their independent validity, and only reacting to their performance of emulation with condescending sympathy. My depression over the film resulted not from what Bell Hooks's depression stemmed as she explains her views on the film: " [It is] a documentary affirming that colonized, victimized, exploited black folks are all to willing to be complicit in perpetuating the fantasy that ruling-class white culture is the quintessential site of unrestricted joy, freedom, power, and pleasure." (Hooks, Is Paris Burning? pg. 149) I was only saddened by the fact that the performers in... ...int their faces brown and wear prosthetic breasts and butts would reference historical oppression, but that this historical oppression still effected people of today and was not simply a story of past times, but a continuing struggle. Like the deeply rooted racism and classism of Paris is Burning, a film seemingly celebrating the culture and people it serves to eventually dehumanize, the actions of Bert and Ernie stood for much more than two Haverford students lacking perspective and foresight. Bert and Ernie's actions stand for a more deeply rooted problem of young people today forgetting that we are still struggling for equality and respect within our society and that no one is immune from this necessity for empathy and understanding. Works Cited: Hook, Bell (1992). Is Paris Burning? , Black Looks. (pp. 145-156). The Muppets Abstract. Oct. 5th, 2004.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The brain receives signals from three different color channels: red, blue, and green. When the brain receives a mix of these signals, we perceive colors that are mixtures of these three primary colors through a process called color addition (Think Quest Ã¢â¬Å"Color PsychologyÃ¢â¬ ). All colored visible light can be expressed as either mixtures or consistencies of red, blue, or green, which by perception between the eyes and the brain, produces the vast spectrum of color that exists to humans and other organisms alike. With the ability to alter our moods and bodily functions, color has more of an impact on us than we may realize. Each color produces different effects on humans, bringing about numerous physiological and psychological changes as unique as the color itself. Its presence everywhere in our daily lives makes these effects inevitable, no matter how unaware we are of them. Colors not only alter the state of our mind and body but can also reveal a lot about ourselves, including our personality, experiences, and ability to evoke memories. Colors can be categorized into two groups, warm colors and cool colors. Warm colors consist of any shade of red, orange, yellow, and pink. They can evoke emotions ranging from feelings of warmth and comfort to feelings of anger and hostility. Cool colors consist of greens, blues, and purples. Although they generally create a calming, soothing effect, they can also bring feelings of sadness or indifference (Kendra Cherry Ã¢â¬Å"Color Psychology: How Colors Impact Moods, Feelings, and BehaviorsÃ¢â¬ ). Although each of the colors within these two groups produces altercations somewhat similar to those of its group members, they create their own objective, one-of-a-kind effects on the human body and mind. Red is one of the three primary colors, as well as one of three different color channels the brain receives signals from. It represents blood, heat, passion, love, intensity, danger, and is often associated with Christmas and ValentineÃ¢â¬â¢s Day (Nicholson, Mary, Dr. Ã¢â¬Å"Colors and MoodsÃ¢â¬ ). Being a very stimulating color, whenever the sight of it is picked up and signaled to the brain, red activates the adrenal glands. Physiologically, red can increase heart rate, respiration, appetite, and blood pressure. It can also raise stamina and improve the functioning of the central nervous system (Kate Smith, Ã¢â¬Å"Color: Meaning, Symbolism, and PsychologyÃ¢â¬ ). The psychological effects of red include feelings of anger, vitality, and a sense of protection from fears and anxieties. Red can also increase enthusiasm, irritability, and sensuality. With its ability to dispel negative thoughts, it encourages confidence, action, and ambition (Think Quest). In a study by professor of psychology Andrew Elliot and researcher Daniela Niesta, it has been demonstrated that the color red makes men Ã¢â¬Å"feel more amorous towards womenÃ¢â¬ (Science Daily Ã¢â¬Å"Red Enhances MenÃ¢â¬â¢s Attraction to Women, Psychological Study RevealsÃ¢â¬ ). Even before the experiment, research provided both empirical and biological support to Elliot and NiestaÃ¢â¬â¢s claim. Empirically, red has been associated with romantic love and passions across cultures and the millennia. Biologically, they found faith in humansÃ¢â¬â¢ deep evolutionary roots to primates. Research has shown that Ã¢â¬Å"nonhuman male primates are particularly attracted to females displaying red. Female baboons and chimpanzees, for example, redden conspicuously when nearing ovulation, sending a clear sexual signal designed to attract malesÃ¢â¬ (Science Daily). The study looked at menÃ¢â¬â¢s responses to photographs of women under various color presentations. In one experiment, subjects were shown a photograph of a woman framed by a border of red and either white, gray, green or blue. The men were then asked questions about how attractive they found the women to be. Another experiment consisted of two photos of the same woman in which the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s shirt was digitally colored either red or blue. Along with questions concerning attraction, they were also asked about their intentions about dating, such as Ã¢â¬Å"Imagine that you are going on a date with this person and have $100 in your wallet. How much money would you be willing to spend on your date? Ã¢â¬ (Science Daily). The results of the experiment showed that under all conditions, the women wearing or framed by red were rated significantly higher in attractiveness and sexual desirability than the exact same woman shown with any other color. Those whose favorite color is red are typically outgoing, impulsive, aggressive, and restless in personality. Red is a color chosen by those who carry an open nature and a zest for life (Annie B. Bond, Ã¢â¬Å"Your Favorite Color: What it Says About YouÃ¢â¬ ). Orange is a color that commands much attention. It represents warmth, enthusiasm, exuberance, liveliness and is also associated with Thanksgiving and Halloween (Nicholson). Physiologically, orange can stimulate the sexual organs, benefit the digestive system, and strengthen the immune system. It incites activity, socialization, and due to its hate-it-or-love-it quality, it also sparks controversy (Smith). Psychologically, orange relieves feelings of self-pity, lack of self worth, and unwillingness to forgive. It can also open emotions, increase energy, and even serve as a perceptual antidepressant (Think Quest). Due to its association with arrogance, danger, and over-emotion, a survey proves that orange has been labeled as Ã¢â¬Å"AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Least Favorite ColorÃ¢â¬ (Laurie Pawlik-Kienlen Ã¢â¬Å"The Subconscious Psychology of ColorÃ¢â¬ ). People who prefer the color orange are often flamboyant, fun-loving, and enjoy living a social life. They can be somewhat histrionic and fickle, but are generally good-natured, agreeable, and popular (Bond). Yellow is an uplifting color that is most associated with optimism, intellectuality, enlightenment, happiness, and signs of a bright future. Yellow can increase alertness and decisiveness, encourage communication, and stimulate the muscles and lymph system. Yellow can also activate the brain, spark clear, creative and intelligent thoughts, encourage memory, and stimulate mental processes (Smith). In a psychological sense, yellow brings feelings of happiness and increases perceptiveness, self-confidence, and optimism. It aids in discernment, good judgment, organization, and understanding (Think Quest). However, a dull yellow can bring feelings of fear. Those who favor yellow generally tend to be adventurous, shrewd, and carry a strong sense of humor. They can often shun responsibility due to their freedom-loving personalities, but are usually clear and precise thinkers who have a good outlook on life (Bond). As one of the three color channels, green occupies more space in the spectrum visible to the human eye than most colors. Green represents nature, health, abundance, wealth, good luck, growth, peace, and clarity. Green can help acquire physical equilibrium and relaxation, and has been shown to be beneficial to the heart. It also relaxes muscles and induces slower, deeper breathing (Smith). Psychologically, green has a tranquilizing and balancing effect. It brings about comfort, laziness, relaxation, and harmony. It can also alleviate nervousness and anxiety, and offer a sense of renewal and self-control (Think Quest). Surveys show that Green is AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s second favorite color (Pawlik-Kienlen). It usually a color liked by those who are gentle, sincere, and reputable. However, their tendency to be too modest and patient can lead to their exploitation. They are generally community-minded people who prefer peace at any price (Bond). Blue is the last of the three color channels. It is closely associated with spirituality, melancholy, cleanliness, wisdom, sadness, trustworthiness, and commitment (Nicholson). Being at far ends of the color spectrum, the color blue has almost entirely opposite effects of the color red. Blue decreases appetite, breathing, heart rate and blood pressure. It also regulates sleep patterns, keeps bone marrow healthy, and stimulates the pituitary and thyroid glands and causes the production of calming chemicals. Blue brings feelings of calmness and relaxation. It can also eliminate insomnia, aid intuition, and increase mental clarity and control (Smith). However, an excessive amount of blue can be depressing and saddening (ThinkQuest). Surveys prove that the color blue, being the least gender specific, is labeled as Ã¢â¬Å"AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Favorite ColorÃ¢â¬ (Pawlik-Kienlen). People whose favorite color is blue are typically preserving, sensitive, and self-controlled. Even though they can be worriers who are often cautious, they are faithful and have steady character (Bond). Purple is the majestic color of mystery, creativity, unrest, and royalty (Nicholson). Being the mixture of red and blue, the effects of the color purple contain elements from those of both red and blue. Physiologically, purple can alleviate skin conditions; suppress hunger, balance metabolism, and calm the mind and nerves. It can also be perceived as an antiseptic and a narcotic (Smith). Psychologically, purple increases creativity, intuition, imagination, and sensitivity to beauty, high ideals, spirituality, and compassion. It can balance the mind, cleanse emotional disturbances, and combat states of shock and fear (Think Quest). Purple is the favorite color of adolescent girls. Those who prefer purple over all the other colors tend to be artistic, individualistic, fastidious, and witty. They can become aloof and sarcastic when misunderstood, but are generally unconventional, tolerant, and dignified (Bond). Pink is associated with youth, romance, free spirit, lightheartedness, love (Nicholson). Being a lighter tint of red, many aspects of red are evident in the color pink. Pink can stimulate energy and help muscles relax. Like red, it also increases blood pressure, respiration, heartbeat, and pulse rate. Pink offers feelings of calmness, protection, and a sense of nurture. It encourages action, reduces erratic behavior, and sparks a desire to be carefree (Smith). Embodying the gentler qualities of red, pink represents unaggressive sensuality and unselfish love. People whose favorite color is pink are often charming, maternal, and gentle. However, they tend to desire a sheltered life and require affection, Ã¢â¬Å"perhaps wanting to appear delicate and fragileÃ¢â¬ (Bond). Brown is an organic color that represents reliability, approachability, the natural world, and connections with the Earth (Nicholson). It provides a sense of orderliness, security, stability, and wholesomeness. It also conveys withholding emotion and feelings of retreating from the world (Smith). Those who like the color brown are generally steady, conservative, conscientious, and dependable. They may be tactless and inflexible, but they are responsible and kind (Bond). Black, white, and gray are not considered colors, but are shades. Although they elicit no physiological effects, they still bring about psychological changes. Black represents authority, power, emptiness, sophistication, silence, and death (Nicholson). It evokes strong emotions and sense of potential and possibility. Black produces feelings of passiveness, emptiness, and being inconspicuous (Smith). Those who like black want to give a mysterious appearance, which indicates a suggestion of hidden depths and inner longings (Bond). White represents purity, neutrality, and safety (Nicholson). It aids mental clarity, encourages the elimination of clutter, purifies thoughts and actions, enables fresh beginnings, and offers a feeling of freedom and openness (Smith). However, an overabundance of white can bring feelings of separation, coldness, and isolation. People who like white indicate a desire for perfection, simplicity, and a recapture of lost youth and freshness (Bond). Gray is the shade in-between black and white. It is associated with dignity, conservativeness, control, independence, and authority (Nicholson). Gray increases independence, self-reliance, evasion, non-commitment, and lack of involvement (Smith). It is unsettling and creates a sense of high expectations, separation, and loneliness. Those who like gray are hard-working and often search for composure and a steady life with few ups and downs (Bond). The effects and associations of a color vary from person to person subjectively. Changes in the general effect of a color depend on some oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality, experiences, culture, and memories. Through a subjective perspective of color, a negative association with a color could cause undesirable effects and stir distaste towards that color. For example, if you receive a heartbreaking letter sealed in a green envelope, green may now be your least favorite color due to a new subconscious association with heartbreak and sorrow. In Elliot and NiestaÃ¢â¬â¢s study on the relationship between attraction and the color red, they also concluded that Ã¢â¬Å"Although red enhances positive feelings in this study, earlier research suggests the meaning of a color depends on its context. For example, Elliot and others have shown that seeing red in competition situations, such as written examinations or sporting events, leads to worse performanceÃ¢â¬ (Science Daily). In a study conducted by UC Berkley, researchers found that peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s color preferences were linked to their experiences. Ã¢â¬Å"To conduct their studies, the researchers had four different groups perform four different tasks Ã¢â¬â rating their color preferences, recording the objects they associated with each color, rating how they felt about each object or matching an object to a colorÃ¢â¬ (Rachel Banning-Lover Ã¢â¬Å"Study Links Color Preference to ExperiencesÃ¢â¬ ). They found that color preference was highly shaped by experience. For example, one subject stated that their favorite color was pink, and then later admitted to having fond memories in her sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s pink bedroom, which would produce a positive association with the color pink. The researchers also discovered a link between school spirit and color preferences. Those who attended Berkley generally preferred their own school colors, blue and gold, over red, StanfordÃ¢â¬â¢s school color. There has also been cross-cultural evidence that creates varying effects of color. Ã¢â¬Å"Cross-cultural differences can occur in two ways Ã¢â¬â different cultures may have different objects that influence individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of certain colors, or two cultures may have the same object but may associate different feelings with that objectÃ¢â¬ (Banning-Lover). For example, somebody from France may feel energized around navy blueÃ¢â¬âalthough blues are typically calmingÃ¢â¬âdue to the widespread use of the color in their country. Personality is a big, if not the biggest, impact on somebodyÃ¢â¬â¢s preference and perception of a color. In general, extroverts or those with energetic personalities are drawn to richer, warmer colors, while introverts or those with relaxed personalities prefer cooler, more subtle colors (Bond). Colors that are found in certain areas of our everyday lives have a reason for being there. Understanding the objective effects of colors, many places have used certain colors to subconsciously manipulate the public into feeling or acting a desirable way, most of the time without them even realizing it. Red is commonly used in restaurants, both fast food and sit-downs, due to its ability to increase the appetites of its customers and therefore increasing their likelihood of buying more food. Orange is the color of most traffic cones and construction signs. Used to grab driversÃ¢â¬â¢ attention, orange increases their awareness to prevent accidents. Green lights are often used in forensics due to its ability to incite a confession from criminals more than any other color of light. With its strong connection with the Earth, green is also used to promote environmentalism. Blue is commonly used in hospitals to calm patients. Research also shows that people are more productive in blue rooms, for example, weightlifters are able to lift heavier weights in blue gyms (David Johnson Ã¢â¬Å"Color PsychologyÃ¢â¬ ). Pink is proven to reduce erratic behavior, and is therefore used in many prison holding cells (Think Quest). Due to its ability to tranquilize, sports teams sometimes paint the locker room of the opposing team pinks so their opponents will lose energy. White symbolizes neutrality and is used for truce flags. It is also worn by doctors and nurses to imply sterility (Johnson). The roots of studying the effects of color can be traced back to ancient cultures, such as the Chinese and Egyptians. They practiced Ã¢â¬Å"chromotherapy, or using colors to heal. Ã¢â¬ For example, Ã¢â¬Å"blue was believed to soothe illness and treat pain,Ã¢â¬ while Ã¢â¬Å"yellow was thought to stimulate the bodyÃ¢â¬ (Cherry). Just like color psychology received much skepticism in ancient times; it still receives much skepticism today. No matter how unaware we are of the physiological and psychological effects of color, there is no doubt that color has a huge impact on our lives, playing a role in moods, decisions, sensations, and much more.
Friday, November 8, 2019
How a new racial narrative in the U.S.A is being created Introduction Demographics of race in the United States are unique and dynamic. The emergence of new racial aspects has continued to shape the racial narrative along unique social, economic and cultural lines.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on How a new racial narrative in the U.S.A is being created specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More New racial narrative The development of the issue of race mainly stems from the fact that racial differences among the Americans continue to take new dimensions. The views of Americans on immigration have greatly changed leading to an improvement in the manner in which Americans perceive and relate to people of different races (MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 7-123). By recounting the tribulations and humiliation of five immigrant families in the U.S., the author, RubÃ ©n Martinez presents unique attributes of the modern American race factor (Bufkin 23-41). Divisions in the American population emanate from the feeling of betrayal and the desire by the new immigrants to be accorded fair and equal treatment by the government and other state and federal agencies. Immigrant movements in the U.S highly influence the behaviors, beliefs and cultural practices of the new racial systems currently being established. The existence of a family of Nigerian refugees among them a sister of the renowned Nigerian, Ogoni, and activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa has transformed the manner in which immigrants into the United States of America perceive the issue of race. Other immigrants such as the Palestinian couple that has been living in the state of Chicago, two people staying in a lodge with their origin in the Dominican Republic and a few other immigrants have all led to a change in the manner in which immigrants in the country are perceived (MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 59-81). As revealed by television series on issues pertaining to racial concepts in the United States, race plays a significant role in shaping peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behavioral patterns. Immigrants into the United States transform the country through economic, social, political, religious and cultural means. The new Americans mainly focus on addressing vital economic strategies that in turn strengthen the American society. Though law enforcement is an important aspect of both the state and the federal governments, it is evident from the works of the author that social and economic statuses highly impact on the economic development of a region, state or country. Racial profiling therefore plays a negative role in discouraging social integration and instead promotes racial segregation in the country.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The consumption of native food is an aspect of race that influences the integration and racial patterns which also determine the level of economic and social performance in the Unit ed States of America (Bufkin 5-13). New immigration trends in the US seem to indicate that race is no longer a major issue of concern in the lives of most American populations. Through the analysis of the lives and immigration patterns of small sized families in the United States which had been featured in PBS Documentary, the immigrants from Palestine, India, Mexico, Dominican Republic and Nigeria tend to settle in specific states in the United States. Common states preferred by new immigrants include Silicon Valley, Montana, India, and California thus giving an idea of the possible paradigm shift in the statesÃ¢â¬â¢ racial population composition (Goldberg 98-117).Martinez narrates his unique family migration experience into the US and effectively explains the increasing changes in the American cultural practices through the adoption of the immigrantÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical and social practice and family values. The modernized multicultural American clan reinforces the need to strengthe n family links, foster unity in the family and the need to respect the leadership in the family ranks in line with the new cultural practices. The resistance by earlier immigrants to accommodate new practices define the challenges that the new immigrants face in their effort to integrate and form a single American family. Allegations of bad moral beliefs, uncouth social and cultural practices and the belief that immigrants are people of low social status have been rampant. Prejudices that immigrants originate from a less affluent and an inferior breed of people have continued to increase tension between the different races of the United States (Zucchino 56). The American racial narrative is therefore established on the precept that racial differences are vital, necessary and critical in enhancing unity and strengthening the cultural fabric in the country. Cultural differences with reference to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s financial status underscore the degree to which racial concepts are re-def ined. Some of the recent immigrants are people who have amassed a lot of wealth. This fact has given rise to the realignment of wealth ownership patterns in the new America.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on How a new racial narrative in the U.S.A is being created specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In some American states, discrimination based on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s race is unheard of as people are more wealth oriented. Nonetheless, it is evident that all forms of failure, wealth and race based discrimination in the United States have only helped to increase insecurity in the country. The economic status of Americans of different races dictates the extent to which racial justice is practiced in the U.S (MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 76-84). Discrimination on jobs, racism and the challenge of adjusting to the new environment are a proof of lack of racial justice in the United States. Race based justice is only practical in situa tions where by an individual has economic power. Both racial wealth and racial gaps in the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ population are wide and ever growing. Sadly, the wealthy people seem to be accorded preference in the justice system due to their powerful economic influence. This fact could partly be due to the popular yet unfounded belief that race and financial status of individuals are the cornerstones of the social fabric and economic mobility and stability. It can be argued that the new racial narrative in the United States is mainly being built on aspects of financial status which is a definite discriminatory approach. Such an approach has continued to deny some individuals their economic and legal rights due to their lack of economic power. The new disruption of race does not take into account the redistributive economic and racial justice approaches. The existence of racially discriminative punishment mechanisms seems to be applied with respect to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s economic status an d not on mere racial background (Zucchino 17-34; MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 8-11). There have been incidences where by certain crimes are associated with either the Whites or the African-American people. This discriminatory approach is based on the assumption that the Whites are financially wealthy and are therefore likely to commit Ã¢â¬Å"White color crimesÃ¢â¬ while most immigrants are assumed to be poor and are hence likely to commit Ã¢â¬Å"dirty crimesÃ¢â¬ such as selling drugs and robbery. Conclusion The racial narrative in the United States is clearly being defined along political and economic ideologies. As outlined above, the concepts of the new America, emergence of new trends due to entry of new immigrants and racial discrimination ignite a lot of debate. Economically endowed individuals are more influential in the United States. This fact does not take into account their racial affiliation. Racial relations are increasingly being defined by the economic status of people rather than the political ideologies in the country.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bufkin, Sarah. North Carolina General Assembly Votes To Repeal Landmark Racial Justice Law, Think Progress: Justice, USA: Thinkprogress, 2011.Print. Goldberg, Julia. How The Minutemen Play on Fears and Fantasies, Immigration, Mexico: Santa Fe Reporter, 2011.Print. MartÃ nez, RubÃ © and RodrÃ guez, Joseph. The New Americans: Seven Families Journey to Another Country, USA: New Press, 2005.Print. Zucchino, David. Death penalty vacated under North Carolinas racial justice law, USA: Los Angeles Times, 2012.Print.
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Same sex marriages Introduction Homosexuality or the gay culture has been a controversial topic of discussion in virtually every community in the world. Different people subscribe to various traditions rooted in religion or community customs that have varied views on gaysim. Religion condemns and does not all accommodate people who have sexual relation with people of the same gender (Wardle, 2003, p106).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Same sex marriages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Islam, Christianity and even the traditional religions in Africa or elsewhere in the world have perennially had consensus on homosexual relations. Though some Christian denominations in the UK have relaxed a bit and consecrated gay bishops as church leaders, conservatism still remains in the church as far as gaysim is concerned. Even contemporary communities like that of the US where people have embraced liberal tendencies and freedom of people to do wh at they like is prevalent, homosexuality and same sex unions are frowned upon (Pinello, 2006, p 69). Religion plays an important role in such popular views but again, it shows how deeply rooted the notion that only heterosexual relationships are normal is. According to the Lesbian and Gay Movement, Same sex marriages have become political pet subjects alongside other ethical issues like abortion (1989, p. 35). In Europe and the United States, it is one of the campaign perspectives that voters carefully consider before voting for a candidate to elective office. Same sex marriages or unions elicit strong emotions and the perspectives through which it can be looked at are numerous (Staver, 2004, p 278). Personal opinion which shapes popular opinion is one of them. Homosexuality and the constitution is another one as is the rights of individuals to choose what suits then so long as no one is directly affected. Religion too forms one of the major platforms on which same sex marriages can be discussed. Throughout history, attempts have been made to make it legal for same sex couples to be recognized by the law and live a normal life like that of heterosexual couples (David Caroline, 2009, p. 96). The campaigns have gained momentum in the 21st century and a number of countries have succumbed to the pressure to legalize or are seriously considering relaxing the stringent laws that bar same sex unions. Perspectives on same sex marriages Popular opinion on same sex marriage Views about same sex marriages are closely linked to the question of if homosexuality is a choice or innate driven feeling (Wilcox Rimmerman, 2007, p. 11). A majority of populations in virtually all countries of the world have an unfavorable view about same sex marriages. However many people are warming up to the idea that two people of the same gender can be married and can raise a family together.Advertising Looking for essay on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper w ith 15% OFF Learn More According to Wilcox Rimmerman, vies about same sex marriages have thawed same way the inferiority attitude towards black people changed over time. In the case of racism, it is a matter of choice for a white person to discriminate a black person for example (Alderson Lahey, 2002, p. 55). There was absolutely no biological evidence supporting that. However, there is biological evidence nowadays supporting homosexual behavior in human beings; because of that, the public has started to accommodate the idea of same sex marriages. Same sex marriages and the constitution The constitution recognizes peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s universal and fundamental right to marry (Gerstmann, 2004 p. 3). Same sex marriage is a constitutional issue whose debate has not reached any logical conclusion. There is debate if same sex coupled should also enjoy the right to adopt children as heterosexual couples. Whether they should be treated as minority groups same as those based on race, gender, ethnicity or national origin (Fuchs Boele, 2003). Questions are also abounding if the gay activists are asking too much and if they are asking the government to endorse homosexuality (Bardes Shelley, 2008, p 28). Netherlands was the first country to legalize same sex marriages in April 2001. Many other countries have so far allowed quasi-marital same sex, like South Africa, Norway, Sweden and Iceland (Nocotera, 1993, p 75). In the United States, the constitutionality of same sex marriages as said earlier has created a confusion that has provided little direction. The issue is characterized by court rulings which partially advocate for same sex marriages while technically there is no law enacted to that effect (Brewer, 2008, p. 87). For instance, in 1993, the Supreme Court of Hawaii ruled that the ban on same sex marriages violated the equality that the same constitution sought to protect. Similarly, the Supreme Court of Vermont rule that same sex coupled were entitl ed to all the constitutional rights that heterosexual couples enjoyed if not marriage itself (Gerstmann, 2004, p. 5). Such court decisions add to the complexity and unclear direction surrounding the issue of same sex marriages. Religion and same sex marriages Christians, Muslims and all other religious people like any other people in the constitution have their own individual views about what the society should be. Many religious Americans believe that there is only one side of the debate about same sex marriage (Saucier Cawman, 2004 as quoted in Wilcox Rimmerman, 2007, p. 106). For Christians who avidly follow bible teachings, it is immoral beyond words to condone gaysim leave alone same sex marriages. According to Wilcox and Rimmerman, the bible has not always been definitive on a numerous issues in the society.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Same sex marriages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However when it c omes to gaysim the book minces no words. The Bibles is absolutely clear about the immorality posed by allowing same sex marriages. Both practicing and believing Christians can never accommodate the view that marriage between two people of the same gender is sanctioned by traditional beliefs (Wilcox Rimmerman, 2007, p. 105). Gay activists have always countered that the right to be gay is a civil right as well as a religious right (Andryszewski, p. 10). Conclusion There are many more numerous views about same sex marriages in the United States and world over (Pinello, 2006, p 86). Homosexuals have a point when they argue that they have rights as individuals and couples under the constitution to do whatever they feel is right for them. At the same time, constitution that protects these individuals is rooted in strong religious traditions that it will be hard to go against (Cahill, 2004, p. 209). Lack of political will has also derailed any progress that gay people could have made due to fear of political backlash. Gay people have however managed to piece together different sections of legislations and court rulings in many countries and the US that help them live a near normal life. They can jointly own property, adopt children and live together without fear of attack (Stockland, 2007, p 47). For the time being, they have to contend with the reality that most people are against their instance that they be recognized under the law. References Alderson, K. Lahey, A. K. (2002). Same-sex marriage: the personal and the political. London: Greewood Publishing Group Andryszewski, T. (2008). Same-Sex Marriage: Moral Wrong Or Civil Right?. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Books. Bardes, A.B., Shelley, C. M. Schmidt, W. S. (2008). American Government Politics Today. London: Cengage Learning.Advertising Looking for essay on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Brewer, P. (2008).Value war: public opinion and the politics of gay rights. London: Rowman Littlefield. Cahill, R. S., (2004). Same-sex marriage in the United States: focus on the facts. Oxford: Lexington Books David, K. Caroline, S. (2009). Choices in Relationships: An Introduction to Marriage and the Family. New York: Cengage Learning Fuchs, A Boele, W. (2003). Legal recognition of same-sex couples in Europe. New York: Intersentia nv. Gerstmann, E. (2004) .Same-sex marriage and the Constitution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement (1989) .Same-sex relationships: a Christian contribution for discussion. NY: LGCM. Nocotera, M. A. (1993). Interpersonal communication in friend and mate relationships. New York: Suny Press. Pinello, R. D. (2006). Americas struggle for same-sex marriage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Staver, D. M. (2004). Same-sex marriage: putting every household at risk. Nashville: BH Publishing Group. Stockland, M. P. ( 2007). Same-Sex Marriage. Chicago: ABDO A family Educational Publishers. Wardle, D. L. (2003). Marriage and same-sex unions: a debate. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group. Wilcox, C. Rimmerman, A. C. (2007). The politics of same-sex marriage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Monday, November 4, 2019
Small Self-Sustaining Community - Term Paper Example Certain principles will be put into consideration when setting up a community which is sustainable and self sufficient. All the stakeholders including government, business people, locals and infrastructure should be put into consideration when coming up with the plan for the project. Engagement and collaboration between stakeholders will result into a holistic, long term and long lasting plan. The community must exist for future generations by not exhausting water, air, land and other ecological resources, which support the existence of that community. As a planner I will put into consideration the needs of all the professionals who will move in to work in the community, plus the needs of the locals. This will include daily activities such as going to school, work and accessing recreation facilities. The plan will nourish social integration. Transport and businesses will be put up in close proximity with one another. Transport systems will therefore be crucial to aid movement. There will be rapid rail system in place and scheduled bus services. All this transport systems will run on green energy. Since residents do not have to travel long distances, there will be no need for them to use personal cars, hence saving on fuel and in the end less harm to the environment in form of global warming. Residents will be able to walk and cycle, transport means which saves on energy. Greening of the community will be a priority, therefore green landscapes, balcony and roof top agriculture will be a common practice. Education of the community on environmental preservation will be a enhanced to enable this shift to sustainability. The buildings that will come up will be energy efficient for example correct insulation and solar power installation. Housing will shift from suburbs which lead to deforestation to high density buildings within the town centre to ease movement. Solid waste management will be a priority. The four Rs for example reducing and recycling will be put into consideration, this will minimize on the waste generated and that is released into the environment by the community. Composting of kitchen waste which is biodegradable will be a major way of managing waste; this is a natural process of organic waste decomposition. The end product is then used for growing of organic food instead of using chemical fertilizers which are harmful to the environment. The process of collection, transportation, recycling and disposal of waste will be handled in an ecologically friendly way to minimize pollution. Sewerage is another waste product that should be handled with care. This is because of the risk it poses to the health of the community and ecology if not handled with care. This waste presents an opportunity for treatment of the waste water which will then be used for other purposes for example irrigation in food growing. Employment opportunities will also be created in the process hence improvement in living standards. Care will however be taken to ensure that this water does not get into contact with clean drinking water because it would lead to contamination. Clean energy production and use will be a major component in the design of the city. Going green in terms of energy use is no longer an option., there should be a shift from use of non renewable energy sources to renewable sources of energy, for example hydroelectricity, geothermal energy and tidal energy. Energy to be used in the community wil
Friday, November 1, 2019
Cracker Control - Assignment Example They also need a Backtrack Live CD and a compatible wireless adapter that links with CommVIew for Wireless hotspots (Philip, 2008). These tools enable the wireless card to assume a monitor mode that helps in capturing data packets. A strong Wi-Fi network signal also enables the cracker to connect and disconnect from my network with ease. Hydra is another tool that performs fast dictionary attacks against numerous protocols thus facilitating cracking of systems. Numerous security principles or processes can address this problem when effectively implemented. These include the establishment of access control mechanisms and End-to-end encryption. Moreover, SSID hiding, MAC ID filtering, Static IP addressing, access control and integrity controls, and training on computer security can address this problem (Federal Trade Commission, 2011). We should also configure router passwords and firewall that prevent Wireless hotspots (Kent & Steiner, 2011). Other security principles include identifying the kind and purpose of personal information stored in files and on the computer (Federal Trade Commission, 2011). Keeping only the relevant information and disposing of irrelevant data in a proper manner can help in addressing this problem. Moreover, protecting stored data and establishing proper measures of responding to security threats avert cracking (Federal Trade Commission, 2011). Ultimately, nobody should divulge personal data without proper authori zation. These measures can limit crackers from gaining control of my network and