Monday, December 30, 2019
Stages of Alcoholism Leading to Cirrhosis of the Liver Mikal Norvell Fortis Institute, Dr. Bassant Abstract This paper describes, briefly, the stages of the alcoholism as it slowly damages the liver, and finally results in permanent, irreversible damage called cirrhosis. Excessive alcohol consumption, or alcoholism is the number one cause of cirrhosis in the U.S. Though tolerance levels are different for each individual, daily consumption of more than ten alcoholic drinks over ten or more years contribute to a higher risk of cirrhosis. The first part of the paper will describe the liver and what the liver does. I will also discuss different levels of drinking leading to alcoholism. Finally, the paper will also discuss the deterioration levels leading to the signs and symptoms of cirrhosis. Keywords: Cirrhosis, a chronic disease of the liver marked by degeneration of cells, inflammation, and fibrous thickening of tissue. It is typically a result of alcoholism or hepatitis. Stages of Alcoholism Leading to Cirrhosis of the Liver The liver is the upper part of the abdomen and it the only organ is the body that can regenerate itself, which is why a person can donate part of their liver to another. What does a liver do? The liver stores glycogen, a.k.a. fuel, for the body. It helps process fats and proteins from digested food. The liver makes a protein that enables blood to clot. It processes some oral medications, and removes poisons, toxins, and alcohol from theShow MoreRelatedCirrhosis : The Leading Cause Of Death977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCirrhosis is the 12th leading cause of death in the United States. Cirrhosis affects one of the largest organs in the body, the liver. It is a condition that slowly worsens the liver and is unable to function normally due to chronic injury. Cirrhosis consists of four stages with the fourth stage being the most advanced stage of cirrhosis. When healthy liver cells are damaged and replaced by scar tissue (fibrosis) itÃ¢â¬â¢s known as a degenerative disease called cirrho sis. Chronic alcoholism is the leadingRead MoreCirrhosis of the Liver1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCirrhosis of the Liver Cirrhosis of the Liver: Causes, Detection and Prevention University of Phoenix- Online Campus Cirrhosis of the Liver is a horrible disease that takes the lives of many people every year. There are many causes, symptoms, ways to diagnose and treatments that surround this disease as well as many ways that this fatal disease can be prevented. The liver is a key organ when it comes to making the body function properly (National Digestive Diseases Information ClearinghouseRead MoreCauses and Effects of Alcohol Abuse955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesApril 22, 2013 English 101 Alcoholism is the excessive and usually uncontrollable use of alcoholic drinks. There are many symptoms, complications, treatments and ways of prevention for alcoholism. Certain groups of people may be at a greater risk than others for several different reasons. There are numerous factors in why people may become addicted. Usually, a variety of factors contribute to the development of alcoholism. Social factors such as the influence of peers, familyRead MoreCirrhosis of the Liver1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCirrhosis is the 11th leading cause of death by disease in the United States. Almost one half of these are alcohol related. About 25,000 people die from cirrhosis each year. Description/Definition Cirrhosis is a consequence of chronic liver disease characterized by replacement of normal, healthy liver tissue by fibrotic scar tissue, blocking the flow of blood through the organ and preventing it from working as it should, as well as regenerative nodules leading to progressive loss of liver functionRead MorePatient Educational Plan1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe bulk of the ETOH is metabolized in the liver. ETOH abuse produces functional and structural changes in the GI tract, such as in the stomach, small intestine, liver, and pancreas (Geokas, Lieber, French, Halsted 1981). The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism website (2005) sites statistics indicating 28,175 deaths in 2005 were a direct result of liver cirrhosis. The website goes on to state, Ã¢â¬Å"In 1997, liver cirrhosis was the 10th leading cause of death and accounted for approximatelyRead MoreAcute Liver Failure ( Alf )1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages1. Introduction The liver is the one of the most important organs in the body, it helps maintain the bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s normal activities with many essential functions such as drug detoxification, also the liver is considered the main site for metabolism inside the body, It organize many metabolic reactions in the body, as well as providing the body with major secretory functions.(1) Liver dysfunction is related to the abnormality in the liverÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to perform its normal functions, mainly due to exposureRead MoreThe Effects Of Prenatal Exposure On Alcohol1389 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbuse and Alcoholism, alcohol can affect different parts of the human body such as the brain, heart, liver, pancreas, the immune system, and plays a role in cancer (NIH, n.d.). In the brain, alcohol can intervene in communication pathways, which affects how the brain works. Alcohol can cause many different heart defects and disorders such as cardiomyopathy, irregular heartbeats, stroke, high blood pressure and in some cases heart attack. Alcohol proves to be very damaging to the liver, especiallyRead MoreThe Effects Of Alcohol On Human Cells1409 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbuse and Alcoholism, alcohol can affect different parts of the human body such as the brain, heart, liver, pancreas, the immune system, and plays a role in cancer (NIH, n.d.). In the brain, alcohol can intervene in communication pathways, which affects how the brain works. Alcohol can cause many different heart defects and disorders such as cardiomyopathy, irregular heartbeats, stroke, high blood pressure and in some cases heart attack. Alcohol proves to be very damaging to the liver, especiallyRead MoreAlcohol and Drug Abuse Essay1671 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfor those under age. To some college students, heavy drinking that leads to vomiting is not alcohol abuse but simply having a good time. Alcoholism or alcohol dependence is a chronic disorder characterized by compulsive, repeated, and excessive consumption of alcohol to the extent that the individuals health, social and economic functioning is impaired. Alcoholism has four symptoms namely craving, loss of control, physical dependence and tolerance. Craving is a strong urge or need to consume alcoholRead MorePreventative Measures And Lifestyle Modifications That Can Reduce The Chances Of Developing Liver Cancer891 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat can reduce the chances of developing liver cancer. The avoidance of viral hepatitis is imperative, being vaccinated against hepatitis B during childhood offers increased defense against the disease causing virus. Avoiding intravenous drug use, and other factors directly related to the contraction of hepatitis B and C is also key. Excessive alcohol consumption is known to contribute to liver damage, more specifically cirrhosis. Thus avoiding alcoholism is an important lifestyle facto r in the prevention
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Ã¢â¬Å"The Truman ShowÃ¢â¬ and PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Allegory of the CaveÃ¢â¬ writings were astonishingly similar in theory. Even though these two writings were written almost 2500 years apart, there were many key concepts alike. In both writings there was an imprisonment of a man from childhood to adulthood. Both of these men had a series of events occur as they grew older, which allowed their eyes and mind to see and process the truth of the world and to forget their ignorance. Ã¢â¬Å"... I proceed to say, go in to compare our natural condition, so far as education and ignorance are concerned, to a state of things like the following.Ã¢â¬ This statement from Plato truly states the theory of mind in which is portrayed in both Ã¢â¬Å"The Truman ShowÃ¢â¬ and Plato. As stated inÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Today there is not much trust in the world; relationships are sometimes one sided and real life comes with a lot of pain. By the director, Peter Weir creating an alternate world, he was creating a perfect world. Maybe this is the directorÃ¢â¬â¢s hope and dream for society. However, todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society is full of war, hunger, disaster, hate, violence and poverty; all of this with no ways of stopping it. Ancient AthenianÃ¢â¬â¢s society would have been filled with many ideas of how things were and every day people would just accept this; the people would not question things. Today people think that they question ideas and rules, but how many theories, regulations and norms do we accept every day as normal. We today are not much different than those people of AncientShow MoreRelatedPlatos 4 Analogies Of The Republic Analysis1579 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesanalogies to represent his theory of justice in the ideal state. The four analogies include the ship, the sun, the divided line, and the cave. The analogies of the ship, and the cave are used by Plato to represent the people of the state and proving his argument that philosophers are the true rulers of the state. The divided line and the sun analogies also supports PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s point about philosophers obtaining intellectual knowledge apposed to the ordinary citizens who only have sensible knowledge. PlatoRead MorePlato s Cave Allegory : Textual Analysis1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Cave Allegory A textual analysis Ã¢â¬Æ' Plato has been documented as one of historyÃ¢â¬â¢s great thinkers, he was a student of Socrates learned how to think of the greater aspects in life and asking questions about life. He created a school for others to learn, to question the truth and broaden their horizons. In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s The Allegory of the Cave, he concentrated on human perception and willingness to advance knowledge by looking beyond surroundings and seeking the truth. His Cave Allegory was aboutRead MoreModern Technology And Its Effect On The Mindset Of The Current Generation1572 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespossibility that it has inadvertently intellectually stunted the minds of our generation. The recent book described in essay topic one highlights on the true integrity of modern technology and its affect on the mindset of the current generation. The author actively addresses the limitations placed on knowledge by the current misuse of modern technology. The book centers on the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s argument that the current generation is more self-obsessed as well as less intelligent and literate than any other previousRead MorePlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Allegory of the Cave and The Matrix Essay2251 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe Republic is considered to be one of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s most storied legacies. Plato recorded many different philosophical ideals in his writings. Addressing a wide variety of topics from justice in book one, to knowledge, enlightenment, and the senses as he does in book seven. In his seventh book, when discussing the concept of knowledge, he is virtually addressing the clichÃ © Ã¢â¬Å"seeing is believingÃ¢â¬ , while attempting to validate the roots of our knowledge. By his use of philosophical themes, Plato is ableRead MoreComparing The Matrix With Readings From Plato And Descartes1023 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesreadings from Plato and Descartes This essay will discuss The Matrix, from synopsis of the following; The Republic by Plato, depicting the famous cave allegory, and Meditations on First Philosophy by Descartes, offering doubt that some senses are accurate. By examining these two readings, and the movie, it will allow the author to show some comparisons, and to show how they are also different as this essay indicates the world is very real. The Matrix In The Matrix, Neo realizes hisRead MoreThe Matrix the Cave and Meditations Essay1829 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Matrix, The Cave And Meditations PHIL 201 John L. Hill II Liberty University John Hill Professor Allyn Kyes Philosophy 201 October 18, 2012 The Matrix, The Cave And Meditations Thesis: There are many similarities in the Matrix ( Wachowski, Andy, and Lana Wachowski 1999 ), The Allegory of the Cave ( Plato ) and Meditation I of The Things of Which We May Doubt ( Decartes, 1641 ). It appears as you take a close look at the Matrix that it is a retelling of Ã¢â¬Å"TheRead MorePlato And Aristotle s View On Knowledge Essay1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdevelopment of human beings and their mindsets. Although PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s view on knowledge describes the internal predisposed essence of all Forms and the need for a superior being to extract them from the student, AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s outlook resides as more reliable and realistic due to his beliefs in the premise of knowledge in the sensation and perception, with continuing development in memory, experience, art and science, and, ultimately, true wisdom. In many of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s works, he discusses SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ lessons and quarrelsRead More Plato Contrasted with Confucius Essay1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa progressive society. In his work The Republic, specifically The Allegory of the Cave, Plato gives a vivid picture of a society under the guidance of certain restrictions, keeping the people under control. The picture presented by Plato is of men kept in isolation within a cave in such a way that they are only permitted to see what is in front of them: the shadows cast of objects being carried along a path running through the cave. Within this metaphor of a controlled society, Plato shows how menRead MoreThe Flaws of the Socratic Method1798 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Flaws of the Socratic Method In PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Republic, as well as in most of his other works, the philosopher writes dialogues between the character of his mentor, Socrates, and various figures meant to illustrate contradictory positions. He carefully scripts the engagements in a form of discussion now called the Socratic Method, where Socrates critiques the positions of the other characters in order to find flaws in inaccurate arguments. Although this method is prevalent even today, I will makeRead More`` Harrison Bergeron `` By Kurt Vonnegut1875 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesare de-emphasized or do not exist in many dystopian settings. The governments are usually operating under a police state, and leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s offer many promises that often turn out to be only lies (Knox). In Vonnegut works, Harrison Bergeron shows how a modern day society is manipulated by the government to make everyone equal. Unfortunately they have implement amendments 211, 212, and 213 to the Constitution; every American is fully equal, meaning that no one is uglier, weaker, or slower than anyone else
Friday, December 13, 2019
Rachel fell onto her back against the cockpitÃ¢â¬â¢s rear wall. Half submerged in sloshing water, she stared straight up at the leaking dome, hovering over her like a giant skylight. Outside was only nightÃ¢â¬ ¦ and thousands of tons of ocean pressing down. We will write a custom essay sample on Deception Point Page 107 or any similar topic only for you Order Now Rachel willed herself to get up, but her body felt dead and heavy. Again her mind reeled backward in time to the icy grip of a frozen river. Ã¢â¬Å"Fight, Rachel!Ã¢â¬ her mother was shouting, reaching down to pull her out of the water. Ã¢â¬Å"Grab on!Ã¢â¬ Rachel closed her eyes. IÃ¢â¬â¢m sinking. Her skates felt like lead weights, dragging her down. She could see her mother lying spread-eagle on the ice to disperse her own weight, reaching out. Ã¢â¬Å"Kick, Rachel! Kick with your feet!Ã¢â¬ Rachel kicked as best as she could. Her body rose slightly in the icy hole. A spark of hope. Her mother grabbed on. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes!Ã¢â¬ her mother shouted. Ã¢â¬Å"Help me lift you! Kick with your feet!Ã¢â¬ With her mother pulling from above, Rachel used the last of her energy to kick with her skates. It was just enough, and her mother dragged Rachel up to safety. She dragged the soaking Rachel all the way to the snowy bank before collapsing in tears. Now, inside the growing humidity and heat of the sub, Rachel opened her eyes to the blackness around her. She heard her mother whispering from the grave, her voice clear even here in the sinking Triton. Kick with your feet. Rachel looked up at the dome overhead. Mustering the last of her courage, Rachel clambered up onto the cockpit chair, which was oriented almost horizontally now, like a dental chair. Lying on her back, Rachel bent her knees, pulled her legs back as far as she could, aimed her feet upward, and exploded forward. With a wild scream of desperation and force, she drove her feet into the center of the acrylic dome. Spikes of pain shot into her shins, sending her brain reeling. Her ears thundered suddenly, and she felt the pressure equalize with a violent rush. The seal on the left side of the dome gave way, and the huge lens partially dislodged, swinging open like a barn door. A torrent of water crashed into the sub and drove Rachel back into her chair. The ocean thundered in around her, swirling up under her back, lifting her now off the chair, tossing her upside down like a sock in a washing machine. Rachel groped blindly for something to hold on to, but she was spinning wildly. As the cockpit filled, she could feel the sub begin a rapid free fall for the bottom. Her body rammed upward in the cockpit, and she felt herself pinned. A rush of bubbles erupted around her, twisting her, dragging her to the left and upward. A flap of hard acrylic smashed into her hip. All at once she was free. Twisting and tumbling into the endless warmth and watery blackness, Rachel felt her lungs already aching for air. Get to the surface! She looked for light but saw nothing. Her world looked the same in all directions. Blackness. No gravity. No sense of up or down. In that terrifying instant, Rachel realized she had no idea which way to swim. Thousands of feet beneath her, the sinking Kiowa chopper crumpled beneath the relentlessly increasing pressure. The fifteen high-explosive, antitank AGM-114 Hellfire missiles still aboard strained against the compression, their copper liner cones and spring-detonation heads inching perilously inward. A hundred feet above the ocean floor, the powerful shaft of the megaplume grabbed the remains of the chopper and sucked it downward, hurling it against the red-hot crust of the magma dome. Like a box of matches igniting in series, the Hellfire missiles exploded, tearing a gaping hole through the top of the magma dome. Having surfaced for air, and then dove again in desperation, Michael Tolland was suspended fifteen feet underwater scanning the blackness when the Hellfire missiles exploded. The white flash billowed upward, illuminating an astonishing image-a freeze-frame he would remember forever. Rachel Sexton hung ten feet below him like a tangled marionette in the water. Beneath her, the Triton sub fell away fast, its dome hanging loose. The sharks in the area scattered for the open sea, clearly sensing the danger this area was about to unleash. TollandÃ¢â¬â¢s exhilaration at seeing Rachel out of the sub was instantly vanquished by the realization of what was about to follow. Memorizing her position as the light disappeared, Tolland dove hard, clawing his way toward her. Thousands of feet down, the shattered crust of the magma dome exploded apart, and the underwater volcano erupted, spewing twelve-hundred-degree-Celsius magma up into the sea. The scorching lava vaporized all the water it touched, sending a massive pillar of steam rocketing toward the surface up the central axis of the megaplume. Driven by the same kinematic properties of fluid dynamics that powered tornadoes, the steamÃ¢â¬â¢s vertical transfer of energy was counterbalanced by an anticyclonic vorticity spiral that circled the shaft, carrying energy in the opposite direction. Spiraling around this column of rising gas, the ocean currents started intensifying, twisting downward. The fleeing steam created an enormous vacuum that sucked millions of gallons of seawater downward into contact with the magma. As the new water hit bottom, it too turned into steam and needed a way to escape, joining the growing column of exhaust steam and shooting upward, pulling more water in beneath it. As more water rushed in to take its place, the vortex intensified. The hydrothermal plume elongated, and the towering whirlpool grew stronger with every passing second, its upper rim moving steadily toward the surface. An oceanic black hole had just been born. Rachel felt like a child in a womb. Hot, wet darkness all engulfing her. Her thoughts were muddled in the inky warmth. Breathe. She fought the reflex. The flash of light she had seen could only have come from the surface, and yet it seemed so far away. An illusion. Get to the surface. Weakly, Rachel began swimming in the direction where she had seen the light. She saw more light nowÃ¢â¬ ¦ an eerie red glow in the distance. Daylight? She swam harder. A hand caught her by the ankle. Rachel half-screamed underwater, almost exhaling the last of her air. The hand pulled her backward, twisting her, pointing her back in the opposite direction. Rachel felt a familiar hand grasp hers. Michael Tolland was there, pulling her along with him the other way. RachelÃ¢â¬â¢s mind said he was taking her down. Her heart said he knew what he was doing. Kick with your feet, her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s voice whispered. Rachel kicked as hard as she could. 130 Even as Tolland and Rachel broke the surface, he knew it was over. The magma dome erupted. As soon as the top of the vortex reached the surface, the giant underwater tornado would begin pulling everything down. Strangely, the world above the surface was not the quiet dawn he had left only moments ago. The noise was deafening. Wind slashed at him as if some kind of storm had hit while he was underwater. Tolland felt delirious from lack of oxygen. He tried to support Rachel in the water, but she was being pulled from his arms. The current! Tolland tried to hold on, but the invisible force pulled harder, threatening to tear her from him. Suddenly, his grip slipped, and RachelÃ¢â¬â¢s body slid through his arms-but upward. Bewildered, Tolland watched RachelÃ¢â¬â¢s body rise out of the water. Overhead, the Coast Guard Osprey tilt-rotor airplane hovered and winched Rachel in. Twenty minutes ago, the Coast Guard had gotten a report of an explosion out at sea. Having lost track of the Dolphin helicopter that was supposed to be in the area, they feared an accident. They typed the chopperÃ¢â¬â¢s last known coordinates into their navigation system and hoped for the best. About a half mile from the illuminated Goya, they saw a field of burning wreckage drifting on the current. It looked like a speedboat. Nearby, a man was in the water, waving his arms wildly. They winched him in. He was stark naked-all except for one leg, which was covered with duct tape. How to cite Deception Point Page 107, Essay examples
Thursday, December 5, 2019
Question: Discuss about theSustainability for Waste Management Research. Answer: A system is a set of various parts that are interrelated with each other so that they can work towards achieving a common goal. In this essay the use of system thinking to develop solutions to achieve sustainability challenges is to be evaluated. Various arguments related to system thinking whether favorable or not while dealing with the present wicked problem is to be critically analyzed. System thinking generally focuses on the interrelationship between the individual parts and creating solutions for these problems. The problem of household food waste management is to be discussed by applicability of system thinking. In the current times both the developed and underdeveloped countries are facing the problem of food waste management from the household sector. Proper household food waste management is considered to be as a wicked problem in Australia. As per Eilam and Reisfeld (2017) system thinking is concluded to be a time consuming process and is very difficult to understand. In the recent times, system thinking approach is highly significant in dealing with the problems related to sustainability. As per Chunlin and Chan (2015) system thinking has been used by many researchers and academicians. There is a slight difference between the system thinking approach and traditional thinking approach. The traditional thinking practices used to focus on the major problem area while the system thinking approach lays major emphasis on inter relationship among the various constituents of the system. In the era of globalization, the world is going to face various problems and complexities. As suggested by () the complex or wicked problems can only be solved through system thinking. System thinking is a holistic approach and is interrelated with the systems constituent parts. Wicked problem Household food waste is one of the wicked problems faced by Australia. According to Rittel and Webber (1975) it is estimated that between 30 to 50% of the total food produced by the country is wasted. In Australia, maximum food waste is sent to landfill that represent an ineffective use of the existing scarce resources. The major environmental problem associated with this is generation of various greenhouses gases. Maximum amount of waste that is generated by the greenhouse gases is measured by the government. However, only that amount of food waste is ascertained by the government, which is disposed through the organized waste treatment procedure. As per Bing et al. (2015), the informal disposal of solid waste and domestic foods are taken in various forms. In Australia, the waste is disposed via waste disposal systems in a formal manner. Through system thinking, it would be possible to disposed of the household food waste in a more systematic and formal manner. According to Schott and Andersson (2015) more importance should be given on the agriculture and food systems to tackle the sustainability issue. The procedure underlying social, economic and environmental sustainability would be deriving from system thinking of the global food system. As per Thi, Kumar and Lin (2015) system thinking on the other hand would not be helpful in ascertaining the vital trade-offs that leads to increase in the accompanied food chain. In Australia the problem related to the food waste management is significant. Moreover, on an average it is also estimated that the Australia produces sufficient fresh foods so that the 60 million people can be fed on a daily basis. On the other hand, the country also spends more than 7.5 million tons of food that is suitable for the human consumption. In Australia recently the cost of food waste has significantly risen from $ 5.2 billion to $8 billion from the year 2009 to 2014. Moreover, in Australia, the food wastes also occur predominantly at both the retail and consumer levels. At an annual level, $616 worth of food is wasted from the household sector. As mentioned by Higgins (2014) the three pillar models of sustainability are social, economical and environmental. The most commonly used model for sustainable development is the three pillars model. As per, the model was previously known to be the acute pillars. The social aspect of the sustainability model mostly focuses on balancing the needs of the people with the group interest. For household food waste management, the social initiatives mostly involves market specific training programs for sustainable agriculture and food management, the second pillar is environmental sustainability, this is obtained when systems, activities and processes reduces the environmental impact. Proper food waste management through effective operations and facilities would lead to create a sustainable environment. The economic pillar is the third pillar of sustainability. This is used to encourage the strategies that are used in promoting the application of socio-economic resources to achieve maximum benefits. The three pillars model also known as the prism model comprises of major set of interlinked components. According to Teirlinck (2015) economic sustainability mainly involves to make sure that country makes maximum profit without creating any environmental or social issues within the organization. System thinking would help in building sustainable food system that would aim to redirect the policies and food system related to better adjusted goals and improved societal welfare. The sustainability for household food waste management is necessary to support positive transformation within the society. System thinking approach helps in dealing with the sustainability challenges. As per Garlapati (2016) problems that have turned more complex in the recent rimes can only be solved with the help of system thinking. The wide perspectives related to the system thinking can solve all the complex factors, which is dependent on the external factors. Household food waste management is an emergent problem that is continuously changing. Solving the complex problem can be achieved only through system thinking. This can be solved through analytical tools and methods. As per Salemdeeb et al. (2017) system dynamic is an effective approach to model system which is emphasized their feedback loops. Food wastes have vital implications on the community at various levels. This directly impacts the society on various levels. It also creates a direct impact on the condition of environment and is the cause of the climatic change. When the food wastes collected from the households is sent to landfills for decomposition, methane gas is emitted that traps the heat present in the atmosphere. The gas is produced at 25 times higher rate than that of carbon dioxide. As mentioned by Abeliotis, Lasaridi and Chroni (2014)14% of the total emissions of carbon dioxide in the world are caused due to household food wastes. Moreover, foods that are left to rot within the landfills also create a negative impact on land biodiversity around the landfills. This leads to pollute all the groundwater and waterways thus degrading the quality of environment. There are major six steps related to the system thinking that could be applied to solve all kinds of complex problems (GoodMan and Karash 1995). The first step involves in solving the problem includes is to understand the main problem area, which is achieved by looking deeply at the overall system instead of the individual parts. The major steps requires meeting with the stakeholders sharing the vision about the situation with the help of concept maps. It is important to tell the story as the starting point of system thinking analysis includes thinking about the problem besides acting on it. The next step includes drawing behavior over time graphs as it would link the present to the past and thus would lead to move from seeing events to recognizing patterns over time (Chunlin and Chan 2015). The third step includes creating a focusing statement, at this point a statement would be created to help in analyzing the rest of procedures. This step is followed by identifying the structure and the system archetype is an effective way to ascertain and build a theory of how and why things are happening. The fifth step includes going deeper into the underlying issues so that a proper action can be implemented by the management. Finally, planning an intervention is important to acknowledge the system so that a solution can be designed that would help in designing a solution for producing the desirable solutions. The most significant intervention that involves is changing the thinking process of people that are involved in the system. Planning an intervention should be consistent wit h the structure. The iceberg model is another system thinking tool that should be designed to help any group are individual. This helps in discovering the behavior patterns, models and supporting structures that is related to a particular event. As per Maani and Cavana (2007) Iceberg model is most frequently used by the management to explain the system thinking methodology. The iceberg model is divided into four parts mental models, structure, pattern or trends and events. Each level of the iceberg model offers a deeper and clear understanding of the system. On the other hand as per Abeliotis, Lasaridi and Chroni (2014) it is not necessary to have a clear or deep understanding of the system theory to influence the behavior of the people. this model mostly tries to explain that any sort of problem is too deep and is hidden beneath the covers. As per Bing et al. (2015) system thinking is a powerful and useful to obtain a world view and produce new perspectives. The solutions to the wicked problem of household food waste management are generated at each lower level and also tend to be more innovative and have a major substantial impact. The mental model level is the most powerful level that provides the basic solution for household food waste management that is to be created and is quite hard to implement. Whereas, as mentioned by, the major challenges in this model related to system thinking is that choosing appropriate responses at all the adequate levels? Sometimes identifying new patterns or events can also lead to change the entire structure for the system thinking of the wicked problem. In Australia, wastes can be generally disposed by proper waste disposal system. Through system thinking the local government can establish waste disposal system through alternate routes. Majority of household food wastes is disposed through kerbiside local government by proper treatment and collection. The waste collected is treated by land filling and municipal composting. The existing municipal composting in the country encourages households for proper waste management. The household food wastes are distributed in appropriate municipal beans especially in green organic bins, which include food wastes. The wastes than is further transformed to the various composting facility and landfills. However as per Maani and Cavana (2007) there are no standards related to the practice for food waste collection. Food waste is recently an international phenomenon that has affected all the countries globally. Majority of household food wastes produced in Australia occurs reportedly on the later phase of food supply chain. System thinking helps in evaluating the current scenario in a clearer manner. It can be concluded that Australia should prepare itself for the current rise in the increase in the food demand. The overall households food wastes produced by the country are approximately around 7.5 millions tones of food each year. The nation cannot continue to waste the food resources in the recent years. The efforts related to reduce the food wastes is also an environmental imperative. Therefore system thinking is beneficial for sustainability and offers sustainable alternative to maximize the production of food wastes. References: Abeliotis, K., Lasaridi, K. and Chroni, C., 2014. Attitudes and behaviour of Greek households regarding food waste prevention.Waste Management Research,32(3), pp.237-240. Bing, X., Bloemhof-Ruwaard, J., Chaabane, A. and van der Vorst, J., 2015. Global reverse supply chain redesign for household plastic waste under the emission trading scheme.Journal of cleaner production,103, pp.28-39. Chunlin, G.U.O. and Chan, C.C., 2015. Whole-system thinking, development control, key barriers and promotion mechanism for EV development.Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy,3(2), pp.160-169. Eilam, B. and Reisfeld, D., 2017. A Curriculum Unit for Promoting Complex System Thinking: The Case of Combined System Dynamics and Agent Based Models for Population Growth.Journal of Advances in Education Research,2(2). Eriksson, M., Strid, I. and Hansson, P.A., 2015. Carbon footprint of food waste management options in the waste hierarchya Swedish case study.Journal of Cleaner Production,93, pp.115-125. Garlapati, V.K., 2016. E-waste in India and developed countries: Management, recycling, business and biotechnological initiatives.Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews,54, pp.874-881. Goodman, M.I.C.H.A.E.L. and Karash, R.I.C.H.A.R.D., 1995. Six steps to thinking systemically.The systems thinker,6(2). Higgins, K.L., 2014.Economic Growth and Sustainability: Systems Thinking for a Complex World. Academic Press. Maani, K. and Cavana, R.Y., 2007.Systems thinking, system dynamics: Managing change and complexity. Prentice Hall. Rittel, H.W. and Webber, M.M., 1973. Dilemmas in a general theory of planning.Policy sciences,4(2), pp.155-169. Salemdeeb, R., zu Ermgassen, E.K., Kim, M.H., Balmford, A. and Al-Tabbaa, A., 2017. Environmental and health impacts of using food waste as animal feed: a comparative analysis of food waste management options.Journal of cleaner production,140, pp.871-880. Schott, A.B.S. and Andersson, T., 2015. Food waste minimization from a life-cycle perspective.Journal of environmental management,147, pp.219-226. Teirlinck, P., 2015. Current Trends in Regional Innovation System Thinking and Policy Making.International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development,6(1), pp.1-6. Thi, N.B.D., Kumar, G. and Lin, C.Y., 2015. An overview of food waste management in developing countries: current status and future perspective.Journal of environmental management,157, pp.220-229.
Thursday, November 28, 2019
After birth, human beings undergo various stages that characterise development from one stage of life to another. Such developmental stages herald a myriad of changes in various faculties of human existence (Lohman Lakin, 2009). A person experiences changes in emotional, physical, and cognitive spheres of development.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Abilities of Eleven and Twelve Ã¢â¬âYear-Olds specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such developments present changes that affect physical and behavioural spheres of human existence. The chronology of such changes manifests through various stages of development. Failure to achieve consistency in such development presents challenges that undermine developmental regime of a person (Lohman Lakin, 2009). This research undertaking seeks to underscore cognitive development of children between the ages of eleven and twelve years. Through this essay, we shall examin e relevant character traits that manifest during this age bracket with regard to cognitive development. This essay shall also examine manifest traits that are consistent with children in the above age bracket. Cognitive development of eleven and twelve-year-old children manifest in different ways. This developmental stage marks a defining moment for children in terms of how they view and understand the world around them. At the age of eleven, children develop and foster an increase in attention and concentration (Lohman Lakin, 2009). They are more attentive to detail and strive to decipher the environment around them. This increases their ability to undertake duties and tasks that relate to important and critical matters around them. At this stage, children develop an innate desire for success and excellence in various undertakings. This development trait offers a chance to explore various activities that appeal to them. At this stage, children develop strong beliefs and conviction s regarding various pertinent issues in society. They develop and foster their ultimate stand and opinion with regard to various issues around them. At this stage, children begin to decipher and question the inherent motive in the manifest behavioural traits of those around them. This trait enhances their understanding and relationship with people around them (Lohman Lakin, 2009). At the age of twelve, children acquire ability to develop a dichotomy of information and ultimately derive sense from it. At this stage, children develop critical learning skills that enhance ability to decipher and grasp information. Children also have ability to develop a summary of information from a book (Marotz Allen, 2013). They have ability to paraphrase information from a book and present it in unique words.Advertising Looking for essay on psychology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Children also develop ability to detect and correct gramma tical errors and logical inconsistencies. They also have ability to arrange ideas in a logical sequence. This stage is instrumental in the development regime of such children. They develop a keen interest in acquisition of knowledge, especially on matters that arouse their interest (Marotz Allen, 2013). At this stage, children preoccupy with study of literature that contain adult material. They develop a keen interest in adult literature as they covertly transit from childhood to adulthood. Studying such literature offers them a sense of satisfaction and achievement as they struggle to emulate parents and other seniors around them. At this stage, children may exhibit a recurrent need for distance and autonomy (Marotz Allen, 2013). Parents and caregivers should accord them the requisite room for personal development. This supports and enhances the inherent need for actualization and development of cognitive skills that define their existence. During this stage of development, child ren acquire character traits that determine their development in other stages of development (Marotz Allen, 2013). References Lohman, D. F., Lakin, J. M. (2009). Consistencies in Sex Differences on the Cognitive Abilities Test across Countries, Grades, Test forms, and Cohorts. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 79(2), 389-407. Marotz, L. R., Allen, K. E. (2013). Developmental Profiles: Pre-Birth through Adolescence. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Abilities of Eleven and Twelve Ã¢â¬âYear-Olds specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This essay on Cognitive Abilities of Eleven and Twelve Ã¢â¬âYear-Olds was written and submitted by user Jackson Sparks to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Characteristics of a 21st-Century Teacher What does a 21st-century teacher look like to you? You may have heard this popular buzzword thrown around your school or on the news, but do you know what a modern-day educator really looks like? Beyond the obvious of being up-to-date on the latest in technology, they can have the characteristics of a facilitator, a contributor, or even an integrator. Here are six more key characteristics of a 21st-century educator. Theyre Adaptive They are able to adapt to whatever comes there way. Being a teacher in todays world means that you have to adapt to the ever-changing tools and changes that are being implemented in the schools. Smartboards are replacing chalkboards and tablets are replacing textbooks and a 21st-century teacher needs to be okay with that. Lifelong Learners These educators dont just expect their students to be a lifelong learner, but they are as well. They stay up-to-date with current educational trends and technology and know how to tweak their old lesson plans from years before to make them more current. Are Tech Savvy Technology is changing at a rapid pace and that means that a 21st-century teacher is right along for the ride. The latest technology, whether its for lessons or grading, will allow the teacher and student to be able to learn better and faster. An effective teacher knows that learning about the latest gadget can truly transform their students education, so they are not just current on the new trends, but really know how to master them. Know How to Collaborate An effective 21st-century educator must be able to collaborate and work well within a team. Over the past decade, this important skill has grown quite rapidly in schools. Learning is deemed to be more effective when you can share your ideas and knowledge with others. Sharing your expertise and experience, and communicating and learning from others is an important part of the learning and teaching process. Are Forward Thinking An effective 21st-century educator thinks about their students future and is aware of the career opportunities that may arise from them. They are always planning to ensure that no child gets left behind so they focus on preparing todays children for whats to come in the future. Are Advocates for the Profession They are an advocate not only for their students but their profession. Todays teachers are being watched with a close eye because of all of the changes in curriculum and the Common Core. Instead of sitting back, a 21st-century teacher takes a stand for their themselves and their profession. They pay close attention to what is going on in education and they address these issues head-on. They also advocate for their students. Todays classrooms are filled with children who need someone to look out for them, give them advice, encouragement, and a listening ear. Effective teachers share their knowledge and expertise and act as a role model for their students. 21st-century teaching means teaching as you have always taught but with todays tools and technology. It means utilizing everything that is important in todays world so that students will be able to live and prosper in todays economy, as well as having the ability to guide students and to prepare them for the future.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Role of Nutrition Information is Influencing Consumer Choice - Essay Example ind out the level of awareness on the importance of labels on food products, and identify the factors that customers consider before purchasing a food product based on its label (Verduin, Agarwal and Waltman, 2005). Aim and Objectives The aim of the project is to understand the relationship of buying habits for food products as influenced by product labels. The objectives of the study include: To examine the behaviour of customers as they make purchases at a local supermarket To establish the level of customer awareness on the various requirements for food labelling To identify the relevant words that customers look for in labels when making choices on food products To determine the most significant details on food products to customers To identify if customers consider the health benefits of a food product or absence of health hazard before making a purchase To review literature on the effects of labels on customer choices when shopping for food products To discuss the reasons for t he choices that customers make after reading the labels on food products Literature Review Verduin, Agarwal and Waltman (2005: 2597) state that the consumer is the central player in the decisions that could help the nation reverse the obesity situation, and should be informed on the importance of keeping watch on the contents of foodstuffs that one consumes. In addition, the writers emphasise on the need for the food industry to be truthful in providing information to consumers, and adherence to other guidelines provided for ethical advertising. In addition, they assert that manufacturers should work in cooperation with the government (2610) and research institutions (2612); the government gives recommendations and enforces standards, while the research institutions ensure that the use of... This report stresses that this study is likely to encounter several limitations that may reduce its efficiency, and it has some shortcomings that may have a negative effect on the usability of the results for generalisation. First, the data collection approaches are expensive in terms of time and money, both of which may not be enough since the researcher may have other commitments. Second, the management of retail stores may not cooperate with the researcher, while customers may perceive the study as a waste of time or an infringement into their private lives. Third, the study makes many assumptions that may reduce the confidence level of the results; however, this can be countered by the use of secondary sources that allow the researcher to make exclusions and differentiations. One of the main assumptions is that a customerÃ¢â¬â¢s choice is informed by the contents of the label, and other factors, including price have little or no role to play. Finally, there is one ethical conce rn that the researcher has to deal with; observing customers and recording data without their knowledge may amount to doing research with people as subjects without their informed consent. Therefore, the researcher has to consult the ethics department of the institution before doing the study to clarify the matter. This essay makes a conclusion that the proposal is part of the process of preparing for a study, and every aspect of study must be cleared up to save on costs, identify potential obstacles and other unforeseen aspects of the study. The proposal must have the aims and objectives, and methodologies that will be used to answer the research question.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Stress Levels at Work in Canada - Essay Example Their prime focus is to train the employees and contribute to their knowledge building process which makes them competent enough to handle the stress generated from incompetency and job insecurity amidst technological changes. Ã This is why the specific code of conduct and leadership opportunities are available at Ericsson Canada to develop their personality and assist them in their personal strategies to cope with stress. Employee empowerment is also a part of the initiative (Ericsson n.d). Ã Health Canada is a healthcare organization which puts greater emphasis on stress management of employees because they ultimately have to provide caregiving and health care services to other patients. Their prime objective in the stress management drive is to reduce the instances of non-healthy habits which employees resort to when stressed. As such, it involves cessation of smoking, programs for weight control and dietary habits and overall stress management techniques (Loo 1993). Ã Thus, its stress management and wellness program emphasizes more on physical fitness and developing capabilities to remain fit and fine. This will ultimately improve the caliber of employees to handle the work pressure and reduce the levels of stress. Ã Devon Energy is an energy company in Canada where employees face common instances of job insecurity and compensation concerns due to fluctuating oil prices and global turmoil. Being regulated more by political and economic pressures, the company has put in place stringent ethical and compliance rules which do not allow the employees to cross the acceptable behavior boundary (Ethics Point 2010). Ã Emergency health services and better perks and incentives are introduced to motivate the employees for better performance. This allows them to take a little amount of stress in a positive way and as a challenge to develop their abilities.
Monday, November 18, 2019
Assignment 6.1 - Case Study Example There are several types of teams which you can use, namely, problem-solving teams, self-managed teams, virtual teams and cross-functional teams. A combination of these teams would be useful for the level of customer service and support Xerox wishes to generate. Given that asset management at Xerox involves a tremendous amount of work and challenge, an effective work team should maintain an informal and relaxed atmosphere. What is more, teams should be given a high level of autonomy to complete their relevant tasks. Structural accommodation is pertinent to team effectiveness due to the changing nature of the external environment and the diversity of cultures with which Xerox interacts. Although there is need for a considerable amount of networking at any Xerox location, the smaller the team, the more one is able to achieve optimum performance. Hence, each team should comprise six to nine members. The goals and objectives of the particular work location should be well understood and accepted by each member. Notwithstanding that there will be frequent conflict and disagreements everyone should be free to express their views about the task or the team. Given the number of countries in which our products are distributed it is necessary for team members to be creative, to be risk takers and to be sensitive to the needs of each member as well as the dynamic nature of the external environment. Nonetheless, mistakes will be made and these should be viewed as a basis for learning rather than causes for punishment. In our Houston Ã¢â¬ËfamilyÃ¢â¬â¢ we are not afraid to evaluate our performance on a regular basis as such we have developed a climate of trust in which we can all grow professionally and personally. As San FranciscoÃ¢â¬â¢s manager, you will be required to be consistent, determined and to understand how to systematically build your team eventually you will find that your group has become a team. In
Friday, November 15, 2019
Factors Influencing Participation In Physical Activity Physical Education Essay When promoting physical activity to improve and maintain health, the socio-environmental influences that influence participation have to be taken into consideration. Physical activity is very important to public health as it has physical and mental health benefits (Kruk, 2009). It is crucial for prevention of disease but also improves a persons health and well-being and there are social benefits (Kruk, 2009). Chronic diseases such as diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease are especially a problem due the high number of physical inactivity (Department of Health, 2004). Adults who are physically active have up to 50% less chance of having chronic disease (Department of Health, 2004). Obesity is also a major problem in the United Kingdom and this could be reduced if there was more participation in physical activities. It would help with fat loss and improve fitness and health (Department of Health, 2004). The recommended amount of physical activity is a minimum of thirty minutes a day, five days a week. However, only 35% of males and 24% of females manage to complete this recommendation (Miles, 2007). This may be due to a change in lifestyle because compared to thirty years ago there are less manual jobs and a lot of everyday activities have been improved through use of machines therefore people can be less active (e.g. housework, shopping etc) (Department of Health, 2004). Physical activity is when a person expends energy above normal resting level and there are two types of activities; Usual and intentional (Kruk, 2009). Intentional activity refers to activities that are not normal daily activities, such as dressing or walking, but ones that are during leisure time (Kruk, 2009). This essay will look at some of the different factors that influence people to take part in physical activity and how these factors vary across different populations. One factor to consider when looking at influences on physical activity is upbringing and family life. The interaction with family members and social groups when children are young plays a part in their interest in physical activity later on in life (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). Social economic factor can determine how much a child can participate in physical activity as it has been shown that middle or upper class families take part as they see it as routine and can afford to take their children to classes and different activities (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). In the study carried out by Dakgas and Stathi (2007) they found that depending on a childs financial support, encouragement from family members and environment, participation in physical varies. They compared two schools; school A which was in the suburbs and 78% of pupils left with five or more grades at A*-C level compared to a school in the city (school B) which had 40% of pupils leaving with five or more A*-C level grades. They i nterviewed 16 year olds and asked them about what activities they take part in, if their parents help them out and school support. They found that the pupils from school A took part in many more activities in school but also outside of school hours. They had opportunities to join lots of different clubs (e.g. hockey and skiing) due to the school having links with sports clubs (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). Pupils from school B didnt have many opportunities and only participated in physical activity during school time. The school didnt have playing fields so the variety of sports was limited. When asked about financial support many pupils from school A agreed that without their parents paying for their sessions or kit they wouldnt be able to take part. Pupils from school B said they couldnt afford to attend clubs as their parents didnt have a lot of spare money (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). The family encouragement was also very little as pupils said they didnt do activities with their fami ly at the weekends, they would hang around the park with their friends. This compares to school A, who said they go for walks or take part in activities with their families at the weekends. They also mentioned that because of other members of the family participating in sports this encouraged them to take part; this motivation was not the same for pupils from school B (Dagkas and Stithi, 2007). The study shows that a persons upbringing can have a major effect on attitudes to physical activity and there are many factors that play a part such as living environment and occupation in adult life. There is an influence of living environment on a persons participation in physical activity and this is mainly due to the accessibility of facilities (Frost et. al, 2010).There is more of a positive attitude to physical activity if people can walk, in a safe and short distance to facilities (Frost et. al, 2010). People in rural areas are less likely to take part in physical activity as they do not have facilities close by compared to those who live in suburban or urban areas (Sallis et. al, 1990). There are two reasons as to why having facilities nearby encourage people to exercise. The first is that they provide visual stimuli; if a person has to walk past a leisure centre everyday then they are going to think more about taking part in physical activity. It also means that participating in physical activity becomes a social norm, making more people more likely to take part (Sallis et. al, 1990). If there are facilities close by it also decreases the obstacle of travelling and the tr avel time (Sallis et. al, 1990). The number of facilities in rural areas is a factor that influences participation and also why there is a greater chance of getting cardiovascular disease and type-2 diabetes (Frost et. al, 2010). Where a person lives may be due to their job and this can also have an impact on participation in physical activity. Occupation influences participation in physical activity as it has been shown that your type of job can affect how much physical activity you do (Burton and Turrell, 2000). Blue collar workers (e.g. Drivers, labourers, machine operators etc.) have higher mortality rates and more risk of having cardiovascular disease compared to white collar (e.g. Clerks, sales people) and professional workers (e.g. manager). White collar and professional works have been shown to do more physical activity in their leisure time. This may be due to reasons such as blue collar workers may live further away from work so have to add travel time on to their leisure time and they may also have more work responsibilities to take care of (Burton and Turrell, 2000). They also might not have control over when and for how long they work compared to a manager who can have a say in their shifts. There has also been evidence to suggest that most in most workplaces people can spend up to around a half of their time s itting (Kirk and Rhodes, 2011). It is also a similar situation during leisure time when people watch television, using a computer or drive to places, meaning that people spend most of their day being inactive. This shows that their needs to be a change in lifestyle, particularly in workplaces. People should have time during their day to do half an hour of physical activity whether it is at work and during leisure time as physical activity plays an important role in prevention and treatment of hypokinetic diseases. There has been research looking at how physical activity can help with the treatment of hypokinetic diseases such cardiovascular disease (CVD) and obesity. It has been shown that regular physical activity that uses large muscle groups is very important to treating CVD (Briffa et. al, 2006). Physical activity improves symptoms and functionality capacity, for example, reduces recurrent angina symptoms and also helps reduce breathlessness. Taking part in regular physical activity also help with recovering patients in daily activities as it builds up their strength (Briffa et. al, 2006). Survivors of myocardial infarction are 2.5% less likely to die if they are physical active (Briffa et. al, 2006) and this shows that doing even the minimal amount of physical activity is going to benefit a person in their life. Obesity can also be treated with the use of physical activity. To maintain body weight energy intake would have equal the amount of energy being expended and therefore to lose wei ght the amount of energy expenditure, by doing physical activity, needs to be greater which creating an energy deficit (Jakicic and Otto, 2005). To get the best long-term weight loss it has been found that there needs to be a high level of physical activity. This means instead of the recommended 30 minutes a day, a person would have to take part in 60mins of high intensity physical activity to achieve long-term weight loss (Jakicic and Otto, 2005). However it is not achieved just from physical activity, diet also needs to be made healthier to ensure maximum weight loss. This is why it is important to influence participation in physical activity as there could be a major decrease in obesity if people knew how important it was. It has been shown that there are many factors influencing participation physical activity and that what work for one person might not suit another. When looking at the factors that influence young people it is shown there needs to be a change for schools and pupils from a lower class area as they dont have the opportunities to participate that pupils from an upper class area may have. Schools could have after-school clubs where people from the local gym or football club hold classes for a smaller fee to get the children to take part in a variety of activities. Living environment also influences participation as if facilities are not available people do not take part in any kind of physical activity. People from rural areas should be encouraged to use the environment they have near-by to go for walks or cycles or hold classes in the local school or town hall. This means they dont have to travel in to an urban area and will cost less money. Many peoples lifestyle now involves working a lot of hours, mostly in an office and having no leisure time to take part in physical activity and this is a big problem. There needs to be an attitude change in how people look at physical activity. It should not be seen as a chore but something that they will benefit from. If people knew how much their health would benefit from doing as little as 30 minutes of physical activity, five times week, then maybe more people would rethink sitting in front of the television when they get home from work. Once people learn the importance of physical activity then there could be a massive reduction in the amount of people diagnosed with hypokinetic diseases and a much healthier country.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
A Study of Perspectives Livingston's documentary Paris is Burning inspired an awareness of being that I had not previously experienced. The film urges the spectator to reevaluate not only one's breadth of knowledge of the black gay culture in the 80's, but also the perspectives from which one views the film. Personally speaking, the easiest evaluation of the latter topic would be the perspective of a privileged white straight female born into a sheltered and socially traditional household. This background would thus color my reaction to the film: one of intense sadness for the featured interviewees who yearned for an existence which was mostly unobtainable except in the case of extreme sacrifice and typically led to social ostracizing and ridicule (even in some cases, death) Ã¢â¬â yet this existence they yearned to emulate was something I had been born into without struggle nor appreciation, it was simply my life. But one could say my perspective of pity and guilt was actually somewhat of a perversion of the deeper meaning of the film. My feelings were not enlightened but the opposite Ã¢â¬â I was subjugating the people's identities in the film by not recognizing their independent validity, and only reacting to their performance of emulation with condescending sympathy. My depression over the film resulted not from what Bell Hooks's depression stemmed as she explains her views on the film: " [It is] a documentary affirming that colonized, victimized, exploited black folks are all to willing to be complicit in perpetuating the fantasy that ruling-class white culture is the quintessential site of unrestricted joy, freedom, power, and pleasure." (Hooks, Is Paris Burning? pg. 149) I was only saddened by the fact that the performers in... ...int their faces brown and wear prosthetic breasts and butts would reference historical oppression, but that this historical oppression still effected people of today and was not simply a story of past times, but a continuing struggle. Like the deeply rooted racism and classism of Paris is Burning, a film seemingly celebrating the culture and people it serves to eventually dehumanize, the actions of Bert and Ernie stood for much more than two Haverford students lacking perspective and foresight. Bert and Ernie's actions stand for a more deeply rooted problem of young people today forgetting that we are still struggling for equality and respect within our society and that no one is immune from this necessity for empathy and understanding. Works Cited: Hook, Bell (1992). Is Paris Burning? , Black Looks. (pp. 145-156). The Muppets Abstract. Oct. 5th, 2004.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The brain receives signals from three different color channels: red, blue, and green. When the brain receives a mix of these signals, we perceive colors that are mixtures of these three primary colors through a process called color addition (Think Quest Ã¢â¬Å"Color PsychologyÃ¢â¬ ). All colored visible light can be expressed as either mixtures or consistencies of red, blue, or green, which by perception between the eyes and the brain, produces the vast spectrum of color that exists to humans and other organisms alike. With the ability to alter our moods and bodily functions, color has more of an impact on us than we may realize. Each color produces different effects on humans, bringing about numerous physiological and psychological changes as unique as the color itself. Its presence everywhere in our daily lives makes these effects inevitable, no matter how unaware we are of them. Colors not only alter the state of our mind and body but can also reveal a lot about ourselves, including our personality, experiences, and ability to evoke memories. Colors can be categorized into two groups, warm colors and cool colors. Warm colors consist of any shade of red, orange, yellow, and pink. They can evoke emotions ranging from feelings of warmth and comfort to feelings of anger and hostility. Cool colors consist of greens, blues, and purples. Although they generally create a calming, soothing effect, they can also bring feelings of sadness or indifference (Kendra Cherry Ã¢â¬Å"Color Psychology: How Colors Impact Moods, Feelings, and BehaviorsÃ¢â¬ ). Although each of the colors within these two groups produces altercations somewhat similar to those of its group members, they create their own objective, one-of-a-kind effects on the human body and mind. Red is one of the three primary colors, as well as one of three different color channels the brain receives signals from. It represents blood, heat, passion, love, intensity, danger, and is often associated with Christmas and ValentineÃ¢â¬â¢s Day (Nicholson, Mary, Dr. Ã¢â¬Å"Colors and MoodsÃ¢â¬ ). Being a very stimulating color, whenever the sight of it is picked up and signaled to the brain, red activates the adrenal glands. Physiologically, red can increase heart rate, respiration, appetite, and blood pressure. It can also raise stamina and improve the functioning of the central nervous system (Kate Smith, Ã¢â¬Å"Color: Meaning, Symbolism, and PsychologyÃ¢â¬ ). The psychological effects of red include feelings of anger, vitality, and a sense of protection from fears and anxieties. Red can also increase enthusiasm, irritability, and sensuality. With its ability to dispel negative thoughts, it encourages confidence, action, and ambition (Think Quest). In a study by professor of psychology Andrew Elliot and researcher Daniela Niesta, it has been demonstrated that the color red makes men Ã¢â¬Å"feel more amorous towards womenÃ¢â¬ (Science Daily Ã¢â¬Å"Red Enhances MenÃ¢â¬â¢s Attraction to Women, Psychological Study RevealsÃ¢â¬ ). Even before the experiment, research provided both empirical and biological support to Elliot and NiestaÃ¢â¬â¢s claim. Empirically, red has been associated with romantic love and passions across cultures and the millennia. Biologically, they found faith in humansÃ¢â¬â¢ deep evolutionary roots to primates. Research has shown that Ã¢â¬Å"nonhuman male primates are particularly attracted to females displaying red. Female baboons and chimpanzees, for example, redden conspicuously when nearing ovulation, sending a clear sexual signal designed to attract malesÃ¢â¬ (Science Daily). The study looked at menÃ¢â¬â¢s responses to photographs of women under various color presentations. In one experiment, subjects were shown a photograph of a woman framed by a border of red and either white, gray, green or blue. The men were then asked questions about how attractive they found the women to be. Another experiment consisted of two photos of the same woman in which the womanÃ¢â¬â¢s shirt was digitally colored either red or blue. Along with questions concerning attraction, they were also asked about their intentions about dating, such as Ã¢â¬Å"Imagine that you are going on a date with this person and have $100 in your wallet. How much money would you be willing to spend on your date? Ã¢â¬ (Science Daily). The results of the experiment showed that under all conditions, the women wearing or framed by red were rated significantly higher in attractiveness and sexual desirability than the exact same woman shown with any other color. Those whose favorite color is red are typically outgoing, impulsive, aggressive, and restless in personality. Red is a color chosen by those who carry an open nature and a zest for life (Annie B. Bond, Ã¢â¬Å"Your Favorite Color: What it Says About YouÃ¢â¬ ). Orange is a color that commands much attention. It represents warmth, enthusiasm, exuberance, liveliness and is also associated with Thanksgiving and Halloween (Nicholson). Physiologically, orange can stimulate the sexual organs, benefit the digestive system, and strengthen the immune system. It incites activity, socialization, and due to its hate-it-or-love-it quality, it also sparks controversy (Smith). Psychologically, orange relieves feelings of self-pity, lack of self worth, and unwillingness to forgive. It can also open emotions, increase energy, and even serve as a perceptual antidepressant (Think Quest). Due to its association with arrogance, danger, and over-emotion, a survey proves that orange has been labeled as Ã¢â¬Å"AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Least Favorite ColorÃ¢â¬ (Laurie Pawlik-Kienlen Ã¢â¬Å"The Subconscious Psychology of ColorÃ¢â¬ ). People who prefer the color orange are often flamboyant, fun-loving, and enjoy living a social life. They can be somewhat histrionic and fickle, but are generally good-natured, agreeable, and popular (Bond). Yellow is an uplifting color that is most associated with optimism, intellectuality, enlightenment, happiness, and signs of a bright future. Yellow can increase alertness and decisiveness, encourage communication, and stimulate the muscles and lymph system. Yellow can also activate the brain, spark clear, creative and intelligent thoughts, encourage memory, and stimulate mental processes (Smith). In a psychological sense, yellow brings feelings of happiness and increases perceptiveness, self-confidence, and optimism. It aids in discernment, good judgment, organization, and understanding (Think Quest). However, a dull yellow can bring feelings of fear. Those who favor yellow generally tend to be adventurous, shrewd, and carry a strong sense of humor. They can often shun responsibility due to their freedom-loving personalities, but are usually clear and precise thinkers who have a good outlook on life (Bond). As one of the three color channels, green occupies more space in the spectrum visible to the human eye than most colors. Green represents nature, health, abundance, wealth, good luck, growth, peace, and clarity. Green can help acquire physical equilibrium and relaxation, and has been shown to be beneficial to the heart. It also relaxes muscles and induces slower, deeper breathing (Smith). Psychologically, green has a tranquilizing and balancing effect. It brings about comfort, laziness, relaxation, and harmony. It can also alleviate nervousness and anxiety, and offer a sense of renewal and self-control (Think Quest). Surveys show that Green is AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s second favorite color (Pawlik-Kienlen). It usually a color liked by those who are gentle, sincere, and reputable. However, their tendency to be too modest and patient can lead to their exploitation. They are generally community-minded people who prefer peace at any price (Bond). Blue is the last of the three color channels. It is closely associated with spirituality, melancholy, cleanliness, wisdom, sadness, trustworthiness, and commitment (Nicholson). Being at far ends of the color spectrum, the color blue has almost entirely opposite effects of the color red. Blue decreases appetite, breathing, heart rate and blood pressure. It also regulates sleep patterns, keeps bone marrow healthy, and stimulates the pituitary and thyroid glands and causes the production of calming chemicals. Blue brings feelings of calmness and relaxation. It can also eliminate insomnia, aid intuition, and increase mental clarity and control (Smith). However, an excessive amount of blue can be depressing and saddening (ThinkQuest). Surveys prove that the color blue, being the least gender specific, is labeled as Ã¢â¬Å"AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Favorite ColorÃ¢â¬ (Pawlik-Kienlen). People whose favorite color is blue are typically preserving, sensitive, and self-controlled. Even though they can be worriers who are often cautious, they are faithful and have steady character (Bond). Purple is the majestic color of mystery, creativity, unrest, and royalty (Nicholson). Being the mixture of red and blue, the effects of the color purple contain elements from those of both red and blue. Physiologically, purple can alleviate skin conditions; suppress hunger, balance metabolism, and calm the mind and nerves. It can also be perceived as an antiseptic and a narcotic (Smith). Psychologically, purple increases creativity, intuition, imagination, and sensitivity to beauty, high ideals, spirituality, and compassion. It can balance the mind, cleanse emotional disturbances, and combat states of shock and fear (Think Quest). Purple is the favorite color of adolescent girls. Those who prefer purple over all the other colors tend to be artistic, individualistic, fastidious, and witty. They can become aloof and sarcastic when misunderstood, but are generally unconventional, tolerant, and dignified (Bond). Pink is associated with youth, romance, free spirit, lightheartedness, love (Nicholson). Being a lighter tint of red, many aspects of red are evident in the color pink. Pink can stimulate energy and help muscles relax. Like red, it also increases blood pressure, respiration, heartbeat, and pulse rate. Pink offers feelings of calmness, protection, and a sense of nurture. It encourages action, reduces erratic behavior, and sparks a desire to be carefree (Smith). Embodying the gentler qualities of red, pink represents unaggressive sensuality and unselfish love. People whose favorite color is pink are often charming, maternal, and gentle. However, they tend to desire a sheltered life and require affection, Ã¢â¬Å"perhaps wanting to appear delicate and fragileÃ¢â¬ (Bond). Brown is an organic color that represents reliability, approachability, the natural world, and connections with the Earth (Nicholson). It provides a sense of orderliness, security, stability, and wholesomeness. It also conveys withholding emotion and feelings of retreating from the world (Smith). Those who like the color brown are generally steady, conservative, conscientious, and dependable. They may be tactless and inflexible, but they are responsible and kind (Bond). Black, white, and gray are not considered colors, but are shades. Although they elicit no physiological effects, they still bring about psychological changes. Black represents authority, power, emptiness, sophistication, silence, and death (Nicholson). It evokes strong emotions and sense of potential and possibility. Black produces feelings of passiveness, emptiness, and being inconspicuous (Smith). Those who like black want to give a mysterious appearance, which indicates a suggestion of hidden depths and inner longings (Bond). White represents purity, neutrality, and safety (Nicholson). It aids mental clarity, encourages the elimination of clutter, purifies thoughts and actions, enables fresh beginnings, and offers a feeling of freedom and openness (Smith). However, an overabundance of white can bring feelings of separation, coldness, and isolation. People who like white indicate a desire for perfection, simplicity, and a recapture of lost youth and freshness (Bond). Gray is the shade in-between black and white. It is associated with dignity, conservativeness, control, independence, and authority (Nicholson). Gray increases independence, self-reliance, evasion, non-commitment, and lack of involvement (Smith). It is unsettling and creates a sense of high expectations, separation, and loneliness. Those who like gray are hard-working and often search for composure and a steady life with few ups and downs (Bond). The effects and associations of a color vary from person to person subjectively. Changes in the general effect of a color depend on some oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality, experiences, culture, and memories. Through a subjective perspective of color, a negative association with a color could cause undesirable effects and stir distaste towards that color. For example, if you receive a heartbreaking letter sealed in a green envelope, green may now be your least favorite color due to a new subconscious association with heartbreak and sorrow. In Elliot and NiestaÃ¢â¬â¢s study on the relationship between attraction and the color red, they also concluded that Ã¢â¬Å"Although red enhances positive feelings in this study, earlier research suggests the meaning of a color depends on its context. For example, Elliot and others have shown that seeing red in competition situations, such as written examinations or sporting events, leads to worse performanceÃ¢â¬ (Science Daily). In a study conducted by UC Berkley, researchers found that peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s color preferences were linked to their experiences. Ã¢â¬Å"To conduct their studies, the researchers had four different groups perform four different tasks Ã¢â¬â rating their color preferences, recording the objects they associated with each color, rating how they felt about each object or matching an object to a colorÃ¢â¬ (Rachel Banning-Lover Ã¢â¬Å"Study Links Color Preference to ExperiencesÃ¢â¬ ). They found that color preference was highly shaped by experience. For example, one subject stated that their favorite color was pink, and then later admitted to having fond memories in her sisterÃ¢â¬â¢s pink bedroom, which would produce a positive association with the color pink. The researchers also discovered a link between school spirit and color preferences. Those who attended Berkley generally preferred their own school colors, blue and gold, over red, StanfordÃ¢â¬â¢s school color. There has also been cross-cultural evidence that creates varying effects of color. Ã¢â¬Å"Cross-cultural differences can occur in two ways Ã¢â¬â different cultures may have different objects that influence individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ perceptions of certain colors, or two cultures may have the same object but may associate different feelings with that objectÃ¢â¬ (Banning-Lover). For example, somebody from France may feel energized around navy blueÃ¢â¬âalthough blues are typically calmingÃ¢â¬âdue to the widespread use of the color in their country. Personality is a big, if not the biggest, impact on somebodyÃ¢â¬â¢s preference and perception of a color. In general, extroverts or those with energetic personalities are drawn to richer, warmer colors, while introverts or those with relaxed personalities prefer cooler, more subtle colors (Bond). Colors that are found in certain areas of our everyday lives have a reason for being there. Understanding the objective effects of colors, many places have used certain colors to subconsciously manipulate the public into feeling or acting a desirable way, most of the time without them even realizing it. Red is commonly used in restaurants, both fast food and sit-downs, due to its ability to increase the appetites of its customers and therefore increasing their likelihood of buying more food. Orange is the color of most traffic cones and construction signs. Used to grab driversÃ¢â¬â¢ attention, orange increases their awareness to prevent accidents. Green lights are often used in forensics due to its ability to incite a confession from criminals more than any other color of light. With its strong connection with the Earth, green is also used to promote environmentalism. Blue is commonly used in hospitals to calm patients. Research also shows that people are more productive in blue rooms, for example, weightlifters are able to lift heavier weights in blue gyms (David Johnson Ã¢â¬Å"Color PsychologyÃ¢â¬ ). Pink is proven to reduce erratic behavior, and is therefore used in many prison holding cells (Think Quest). Due to its ability to tranquilize, sports teams sometimes paint the locker room of the opposing team pinks so their opponents will lose energy. White symbolizes neutrality and is used for truce flags. It is also worn by doctors and nurses to imply sterility (Johnson). The roots of studying the effects of color can be traced back to ancient cultures, such as the Chinese and Egyptians. They practiced Ã¢â¬Å"chromotherapy, or using colors to heal. Ã¢â¬ For example, Ã¢â¬Å"blue was believed to soothe illness and treat pain,Ã¢â¬ while Ã¢â¬Å"yellow was thought to stimulate the bodyÃ¢â¬ (Cherry). Just like color psychology received much skepticism in ancient times; it still receives much skepticism today. No matter how unaware we are of the physiological and psychological effects of color, there is no doubt that color has a huge impact on our lives, playing a role in moods, decisions, sensations, and much more.
Friday, November 8, 2019
How a new racial narrative in the U.S.A is being created Introduction Demographics of race in the United States are unique and dynamic. The emergence of new racial aspects has continued to shape the racial narrative along unique social, economic and cultural lines.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on How a new racial narrative in the U.S.A is being created specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More New racial narrative The development of the issue of race mainly stems from the fact that racial differences among the Americans continue to take new dimensions. The views of Americans on immigration have greatly changed leading to an improvement in the manner in which Americans perceive and relate to people of different races (MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 7-123). By recounting the tribulations and humiliation of five immigrant families in the U.S., the author, RubÃ ©n Martinez presents unique attributes of the modern American race factor (Bufkin 23-41). Divisions in the American population emanate from the feeling of betrayal and the desire by the new immigrants to be accorded fair and equal treatment by the government and other state and federal agencies. Immigrant movements in the U.S highly influence the behaviors, beliefs and cultural practices of the new racial systems currently being established. The existence of a family of Nigerian refugees among them a sister of the renowned Nigerian, Ogoni, and activist, Ken Saro-Wiwa has transformed the manner in which immigrants into the United States of America perceive the issue of race. Other immigrants such as the Palestinian couple that has been living in the state of Chicago, two people staying in a lodge with their origin in the Dominican Republic and a few other immigrants have all led to a change in the manner in which immigrants in the country are perceived (MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 59-81). As revealed by television series on issues pertaining to racial concepts in the United States, race plays a significant role in shaping peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s behavioral patterns. Immigrants into the United States transform the country through economic, social, political, religious and cultural means. The new Americans mainly focus on addressing vital economic strategies that in turn strengthen the American society. Though law enforcement is an important aspect of both the state and the federal governments, it is evident from the works of the author that social and economic statuses highly impact on the economic development of a region, state or country. Racial profiling therefore plays a negative role in discouraging social integration and instead promotes racial segregation in the country.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The consumption of native food is an aspect of race that influences the integration and racial patterns which also determine the level of economic and social performance in the Unit ed States of America (Bufkin 5-13). New immigration trends in the US seem to indicate that race is no longer a major issue of concern in the lives of most American populations. Through the analysis of the lives and immigration patterns of small sized families in the United States which had been featured in PBS Documentary, the immigrants from Palestine, India, Mexico, Dominican Republic and Nigeria tend to settle in specific states in the United States. Common states preferred by new immigrants include Silicon Valley, Montana, India, and California thus giving an idea of the possible paradigm shift in the statesÃ¢â¬â¢ racial population composition (Goldberg 98-117).Martinez narrates his unique family migration experience into the US and effectively explains the increasing changes in the American cultural practices through the adoption of the immigrantÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical and social practice and family values. The modernized multicultural American clan reinforces the need to strengthe n family links, foster unity in the family and the need to respect the leadership in the family ranks in line with the new cultural practices. The resistance by earlier immigrants to accommodate new practices define the challenges that the new immigrants face in their effort to integrate and form a single American family. Allegations of bad moral beliefs, uncouth social and cultural practices and the belief that immigrants are people of low social status have been rampant. Prejudices that immigrants originate from a less affluent and an inferior breed of people have continued to increase tension between the different races of the United States (Zucchino 56). The American racial narrative is therefore established on the precept that racial differences are vital, necessary and critical in enhancing unity and strengthening the cultural fabric in the country. Cultural differences with reference to peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s financial status underscore the degree to which racial concepts are re-def ined. Some of the recent immigrants are people who have amassed a lot of wealth. This fact has given rise to the realignment of wealth ownership patterns in the new America.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on How a new racial narrative in the U.S.A is being created specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In some American states, discrimination based on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s race is unheard of as people are more wealth oriented. Nonetheless, it is evident that all forms of failure, wealth and race based discrimination in the United States have only helped to increase insecurity in the country. The economic status of Americans of different races dictates the extent to which racial justice is practiced in the U.S (MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 76-84). Discrimination on jobs, racism and the challenge of adjusting to the new environment are a proof of lack of racial justice in the United States. Race based justice is only practical in situa tions where by an individual has economic power. Both racial wealth and racial gaps in the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ population are wide and ever growing. Sadly, the wealthy people seem to be accorded preference in the justice system due to their powerful economic influence. This fact could partly be due to the popular yet unfounded belief that race and financial status of individuals are the cornerstones of the social fabric and economic mobility and stability. It can be argued that the new racial narrative in the United States is mainly being built on aspects of financial status which is a definite discriminatory approach. Such an approach has continued to deny some individuals their economic and legal rights due to their lack of economic power. The new disruption of race does not take into account the redistributive economic and racial justice approaches. The existence of racially discriminative punishment mechanisms seems to be applied with respect to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s economic status an d not on mere racial background (Zucchino 17-34; MartÃ nez and RodrÃ guez 8-11). There have been incidences where by certain crimes are associated with either the Whites or the African-American people. This discriminatory approach is based on the assumption that the Whites are financially wealthy and are therefore likely to commit Ã¢â¬Å"White color crimesÃ¢â¬ while most immigrants are assumed to be poor and are hence likely to commit Ã¢â¬Å"dirty crimesÃ¢â¬ such as selling drugs and robbery. Conclusion The racial narrative in the United States is clearly being defined along political and economic ideologies. As outlined above, the concepts of the new America, emergence of new trends due to entry of new immigrants and racial discrimination ignite a lot of debate. Economically endowed individuals are more influential in the United States. This fact does not take into account their racial affiliation. Racial relations are increasingly being defined by the economic status of people rather than the political ideologies in the country.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Bufkin, Sarah. North Carolina General Assembly Votes To Repeal Landmark Racial Justice Law, Think Progress: Justice, USA: Thinkprogress, 2011.Print. Goldberg, Julia. How The Minutemen Play on Fears and Fantasies, Immigration, Mexico: Santa Fe Reporter, 2011.Print. MartÃ nez, RubÃ © and RodrÃ guez, Joseph. The New Americans: Seven Families Journey to Another Country, USA: New Press, 2005.Print. Zucchino, David. Death penalty vacated under North Carolinas racial justice law, USA: Los Angeles Times, 2012.Print.
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Same sex marriages Introduction Homosexuality or the gay culture has been a controversial topic of discussion in virtually every community in the world. Different people subscribe to various traditions rooted in religion or community customs that have varied views on gaysim. Religion condemns and does not all accommodate people who have sexual relation with people of the same gender (Wardle, 2003, p106).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Same sex marriages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Islam, Christianity and even the traditional religions in Africa or elsewhere in the world have perennially had consensus on homosexual relations. Though some Christian denominations in the UK have relaxed a bit and consecrated gay bishops as church leaders, conservatism still remains in the church as far as gaysim is concerned. Even contemporary communities like that of the US where people have embraced liberal tendencies and freedom of people to do wh at they like is prevalent, homosexuality and same sex unions are frowned upon (Pinello, 2006, p 69). Religion plays an important role in such popular views but again, it shows how deeply rooted the notion that only heterosexual relationships are normal is. According to the Lesbian and Gay Movement, Same sex marriages have become political pet subjects alongside other ethical issues like abortion (1989, p. 35). In Europe and the United States, it is one of the campaign perspectives that voters carefully consider before voting for a candidate to elective office. Same sex marriages or unions elicit strong emotions and the perspectives through which it can be looked at are numerous (Staver, 2004, p 278). Personal opinion which shapes popular opinion is one of them. Homosexuality and the constitution is another one as is the rights of individuals to choose what suits then so long as no one is directly affected. Religion too forms one of the major platforms on which same sex marriages can be discussed. Throughout history, attempts have been made to make it legal for same sex couples to be recognized by the law and live a normal life like that of heterosexual couples (David Caroline, 2009, p. 96). The campaigns have gained momentum in the 21st century and a number of countries have succumbed to the pressure to legalize or are seriously considering relaxing the stringent laws that bar same sex unions. Perspectives on same sex marriages Popular opinion on same sex marriage Views about same sex marriages are closely linked to the question of if homosexuality is a choice or innate driven feeling (Wilcox Rimmerman, 2007, p. 11). A majority of populations in virtually all countries of the world have an unfavorable view about same sex marriages. However many people are warming up to the idea that two people of the same gender can be married and can raise a family together.Advertising Looking for essay on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper w ith 15% OFF Learn More According to Wilcox Rimmerman, vies about same sex marriages have thawed same way the inferiority attitude towards black people changed over time. In the case of racism, it is a matter of choice for a white person to discriminate a black person for example (Alderson Lahey, 2002, p. 55). There was absolutely no biological evidence supporting that. However, there is biological evidence nowadays supporting homosexual behavior in human beings; because of that, the public has started to accommodate the idea of same sex marriages. Same sex marriages and the constitution The constitution recognizes peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s universal and fundamental right to marry (Gerstmann, 2004 p. 3). Same sex marriage is a constitutional issue whose debate has not reached any logical conclusion. There is debate if same sex coupled should also enjoy the right to adopt children as heterosexual couples. Whether they should be treated as minority groups same as those based on race, gender, ethnicity or national origin (Fuchs Boele, 2003). Questions are also abounding if the gay activists are asking too much and if they are asking the government to endorse homosexuality (Bardes Shelley, 2008, p 28). Netherlands was the first country to legalize same sex marriages in April 2001. Many other countries have so far allowed quasi-marital same sex, like South Africa, Norway, Sweden and Iceland (Nocotera, 1993, p 75). In the United States, the constitutionality of same sex marriages as said earlier has created a confusion that has provided little direction. The issue is characterized by court rulings which partially advocate for same sex marriages while technically there is no law enacted to that effect (Brewer, 2008, p. 87). For instance, in 1993, the Supreme Court of Hawaii ruled that the ban on same sex marriages violated the equality that the same constitution sought to protect. Similarly, the Supreme Court of Vermont rule that same sex coupled were entitl ed to all the constitutional rights that heterosexual couples enjoyed if not marriage itself (Gerstmann, 2004, p. 5). Such court decisions add to the complexity and unclear direction surrounding the issue of same sex marriages. Religion and same sex marriages Christians, Muslims and all other religious people like any other people in the constitution have their own individual views about what the society should be. Many religious Americans believe that there is only one side of the debate about same sex marriage (Saucier Cawman, 2004 as quoted in Wilcox Rimmerman, 2007, p. 106). For Christians who avidly follow bible teachings, it is immoral beyond words to condone gaysim leave alone same sex marriages. According to Wilcox and Rimmerman, the bible has not always been definitive on a numerous issues in the society.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Same sex marriages specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However when it c omes to gaysim the book minces no words. The Bibles is absolutely clear about the immorality posed by allowing same sex marriages. Both practicing and believing Christians can never accommodate the view that marriage between two people of the same gender is sanctioned by traditional beliefs (Wilcox Rimmerman, 2007, p. 105). Gay activists have always countered that the right to be gay is a civil right as well as a religious right (Andryszewski, p. 10). Conclusion There are many more numerous views about same sex marriages in the United States and world over (Pinello, 2006, p 86). Homosexuals have a point when they argue that they have rights as individuals and couples under the constitution to do whatever they feel is right for them. At the same time, constitution that protects these individuals is rooted in strong religious traditions that it will be hard to go against (Cahill, 2004, p. 209). Lack of political will has also derailed any progress that gay people could have made due to fear of political backlash. Gay people have however managed to piece together different sections of legislations and court rulings in many countries and the US that help them live a near normal life. They can jointly own property, adopt children and live together without fear of attack (Stockland, 2007, p 47). For the time being, they have to contend with the reality that most people are against their instance that they be recognized under the law. References Alderson, K. Lahey, A. K. (2002). Same-sex marriage: the personal and the political. London: Greewood Publishing Group Andryszewski, T. (2008). Same-Sex Marriage: Moral Wrong Or Civil Right?. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Books. Bardes, A.B., Shelley, C. M. Schmidt, W. S. (2008). American Government Politics Today. London: Cengage Learning.Advertising Looking for essay on ethics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Brewer, P. (2008).Value war: public opinion and the politics of gay rights. London: Rowman Littlefield. Cahill, R. S., (2004). Same-sex marriage in the United States: focus on the facts. Oxford: Lexington Books David, K. Caroline, S. (2009). Choices in Relationships: An Introduction to Marriage and the Family. New York: Cengage Learning Fuchs, A Boele, W. (2003). Legal recognition of same-sex couples in Europe. New York: Intersentia nv. Gerstmann, E. (2004) .Same-sex marriage and the Constitution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement (1989) .Same-sex relationships: a Christian contribution for discussion. NY: LGCM. Nocotera, M. A. (1993). Interpersonal communication in friend and mate relationships. New York: Suny Press. Pinello, R. D. (2006). Americas struggle for same-sex marriage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Staver, D. M. (2004). Same-sex marriage: putting every household at risk. Nashville: BH Publishing Group. Stockland, M. P. ( 2007). Same-Sex Marriage. Chicago: ABDO A family Educational Publishers. Wardle, D. L. (2003). Marriage and same-sex unions: a debate. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group. Wilcox, C. Rimmerman, A. C. (2007). The politics of same-sex marriage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.